Today, breeders have bred over 300 different varieties of pears. All of them differ in the taste of the fruit, the size of the tree and the peculiarities of cultivation and care.
In this article we will talk about an interesting and tasty Krasulia pear variety, talk about its description and main characteristics.
The Krasulia pear variety belongs to the summer varieties, it was bred by crossing the Black and Little Joy species. E.A. Flankeberg worked on the new development at the South Ural Research Institute of Horticulture and Potato Growing. Today, the Krasulia pear variety is grown both on an industrial scale and in summer cottages.
The average height of the tree reaches more than 4-5 m. The branches are spreading, tend upward, which allows the sun to penetrate to the lower part of the tree. The crown is brown, one of the features of the variety is that there are small thorns on the tree trunk that make it difficult to harvest.
The barrel is cone-shaped. The leaf plate is wide, dense, rounded with pointed ends. Young leaves have light green shades, during the summer they change color to dark green tones, with yellowish veins. The variety blooms in mid-May, with large, white inflorescences, with a tart aroma.
The fruits of the pear are small both in size and in weight, on average, the mass of a pear does not exceed 90 g. The fruits of this variety have a beautiful color, at the time of ripening, the pear acquires green-light green shades. During the summer, the fruits change tones to yellow-green. And the side of the pear, on which direct sunlight fell, turns red-orange by the end of summer. The fruit is oval in shape, similar to a pomegranate.
Many people fell in love with the Krasulya variety because of its taste, the pear has a thin skin, fleshy, juicy pulp. In addition, the variety is sweet, has a pleasant aroma. The fruits ripen in mid-August, remain on the tree for no more than 2 weeks, after which they become soft and fall off. Plucked fruits are also stored for a short time, about 2 weeks open, and no longer than 3 weeks in the refrigerator. In addition the Krasulia pear variety is not intended for winter storage.
The yield of the variety is high, fruiting begins already in the 5th year, on average, more than 40 kg of harvest can be harvested from an adult tree over the summer with proper care. Often, so that the branches do not break off under the weight of the fruit, "Krasuli" requires special supports that will support its branches.
It is interesting to form ovaries on a pear, Krasulia refers to a mixed type of fruiting, therefore, ovaries on it are formed not on short fruit twigs, but on last year's growths, the more interesting and unusual this pear variety.
One more a feature of this variety is its resistance to frost. Krasulia easily tolerates cold and harsh winters, cold and bad weather.
The advantages of this type are:
Of course, there are some disadvantages of the variety:
The high yield of the variety directly depends on the quality of the seedlings. When choosing young animals, first of all, you should pay attention to the roots of the tree. They should not have rotten parts, roots with signs of disease. It is necessary that the root of the tree be dry, brownish in color.
When buying, look at what container the seedling is sold in.
When choosing a pear seedling, it is necessary to inspect the branches, they should not be broken or damaged. You can buy a tree both in early spring and autumn.
For the growth of a seedling, it is also important to choose the right site for planting. The Krasulia variety prefers to grow in the sun, where there is a lot of sunshine during the day. But because of its spreading branches, the pear does not "like" close proximity to other trees, it prefers to grow separately, on the sidelines. This variety is not recommended for planting under large trees, they will not provide enough sunlight for the pear to grow.
It is preferable to plant a pear in open areas, where there is a lot of sun and space.
As for the soil, the "Krasul" variety is not capricious and easily takes root on any soils, clayey, sandy. However, you should not plant seedlings in wetlands where groundwater is close.
Due to excess moisture in the soil, pear roots can rot the plant itself loses its growth rate, and the fruits become soft and quickly fall off. Any soil is suitable for planting, black earth, sandy or slightly clayey.
The Krasulia pear can be planted both in spring and autumn. In spring, it is better to plant a tree in mid-April or early May, when frosts have passed and the soil is warmed by the sun.
If planting occurs in the autumn, then it is important to have time to plant a seedling before the onset of the first frost, and preferably a month before the onset of cold weather. Suitable time for planting from late September to early November... Before the cold weather, the tree will have the opportunity to settle down in a new place and survive the first winter.
Planting a Krasulia pear is not difficult, the variety quickly takes root in a new place, does not need special care.
Before planting, it is recommended to lower the pear roots into a bucket of potassium permanganate solution. This will not only neutralize the roots, but also save the tree from many diseases.
In general, the Krasulia pear quickly takes root in a new place, especially if the seedling is healthy. With proper planting, the pear takes root in a couple of weeks, or even earlier. And the first leaves in a month are a sure sign that the seedling has taken root and began to grow. Now, only proper care will help to harvest the pounds of the crop.
Pear Krasulia loves moisture, but, like most plants, it is important not to overflow. 2-3 buckets of water once a week will be enough for her. Its branched root system is capable of "extracting" moisture for itself. You need to increase watering in 2 cases:
Young seedlings need a lot of moisture, but even here a measure is needed.
How to determine the watering rate for a tree? 2-3 buckets of water for each year of growth.
Too moist soil threatens the development of many diseases of the root system, the roots of the tree can rot.
Generally adult the tree is able to provide itself with the necessary substances and vitamins... But he also needs vitamins for growth, but they must be applied extremely carefully, based on the characteristics of the tree itself. If it began to bear fruit early, then, of course, it needs fertilizers. But, if it forms only shoots, then you should not spend additional fertilizing on it.
Every year, it is better to apply fertilizers under a pear in early spring, it can be organic fertilizers, a mixture of ammonium nitrate and urea, superphosphate, potassium sulfate, or ordinary ash. Nitrogen fertilizers are used for feeding, they stimulate the growth of young shoots.
How to determine whether a pear needs fertilizers or not? It's very simple - if burdocks, nettles, quinoa grow around the tree, then there are enough nutrients in the soil for the tree to grow.
It is not uncommon to notice that the tree begins to fall on its side. To level it, it is necessary to remove the topsoil without damaging the roots. Then a stake is driven in from the opposite side of the slope and a tree trunk is tied to it. Leveling a tree is not much different from planting, so it needs good care after leveling.
The variety needs annual pruning. This is necessary so that the young growth does not clog the fruit-bearing branches. In spring, it is best to prune the pear before the leaves open. Broken branches damaged by diseases and young growth are cut off.
Pruning can be done in both spring and fall.
The variety tolerates various diseases quite persistently, pests are not terrible for it, but it is often susceptible to other misfortunes, for example, powdery mildew. This disease damages the leaves of the tree, the leaf plates turn brown, curl, fall off, and the tree itself slows down.
Usually young leaves and shoots are susceptible to the disease. But inflorescences are also damaged, they are covered with a white bloom, dry up and do not give ovaries.
The disease can destroy more than 70% of the crop and cause significant damage to the tree. To combat this disease, it is good to use a solution of colloidal sulfur (2-3 treatments with an interval of 2 weeks). It is also necessary to cut off all infected branches in the fall.
Fruit rot most often occurs in Krasuli during the rainy season. The disease affects not only leaves, but also fruits. Initially, small brownish spots appear on them, the core becomes soft, brown in color and such fruits are unsuitable for consumption. Sick pears must be removed from the branches and from the site, and for prevention, you need to spray the tree with either a urea solution or a burgundy liquid.
Rust - the cause of the development of this disease is a pathogenic microscopic fungus. It covers the leaves of the pear, they turn dark brown and fall off. This disease spreads not only to the leaves, but also to the bark of the tree.
Rust spreads especially strongly if juniper grows in the garden.
For prevention, it is necessary to spray the tree with a solution of ash and soap, in the spring, before flowering. In the fall, it is necessary to spray the tree with a gray or burgundy liquid.
Cytosporosis or stem rot affects the bark of a tree regardless of its age. Sunburn, drought or severe frosts contribute to the development of this disease. The disease manifests itself on the trunk of a tree, the bark of which becomes dark brown, gradually dries up and dies off.
If the disease has just begun to spread, then with a sharp knife you need to cut off the affected areas, treat them with copper sulfate. But, in order to prevent disease, it is better to whitewash the tree trunk in the spring.
But not only diseases slow down the growth of the tree, but also pests, for example, green aphids. This insect sucks out all the juice from the leaves and young shoots. In addition, green aphids secrete mucus, which contributes to the development of a sooty fungus.... To combat aphids, it is necessary to spray the tree repeatedly. The first time before the leaves bloom in the spring, the second time before flowering and the third time before fruit formation. Purchased chemicals such as Kinmix or Iskra will do.
You can also use folk remedies, for example, spraying with a solution of chamomile and garlic, or laundry soap.
Pear moth - or rather a butterfly that lays eggs on sheets. During the summer, caterpillars emerge from them, devouring the fruits. This pest especially loves to live on young pear trees. You can fight a butterfly with the help of the drug "Kinmix" or "Agravertin".
It is necessary to spray with chemicals 2 times a year, before the leaves bloom and before the pear blossoms.
Pear mite - another pear pest that lives in the bark of the tree and in the scales of the buds. This parasite is activated in spring, sucks juices from young leaves, after which they are deformed. The tree stops growing, the branches take on bizarre shapes, the fruits are not proud to eat. You can fight the pear mite with the help of chemicals, or use a solution of colloidal sulfur.
So that there are fewer pests on the pear, the tree does not hurt, proper care of the pear, timely pruning and feeding are important.
Many gardeners fell in love with the Krasulia Pear variety because of its high yield, because more than a dozen fruits can be removed from one tree per season. In addition, the pear of this variety has excellent taste characteristics, sweet fruits, with a pleasant aroma. The tree is unpretentious and in care, does not require much attention, but simply pleases gardeners with its beautiful and tasty fruits.
Pear Krasulya is a variety obtained by breeders of the State Scientific Institution "South Ural Research Institute of Vegetable and Potato Growing" in Chelyabinsk in 1987. It is a hybrid of two cold-resistant pear varieties Late and Little Joy. It was entered into the State Register in 2002. The Krasulia pear variety quickly became widespread in the middle lane.
Krasulia belongs to medium-sized plants, the crown is conical, rounded. The branches are arranged compactly, as a rule, directed upwards. Alas, there are thorns on the branches, which makes picking pears somewhat difficult. Fruits are tied both on fruit twigs and on annual growths, so that in the end the harvest is abundant. Flowers and leaves are typical for pears.
The yield is practically not affected by either weather conditions or insufficient care: Krasulia is very unpretentious. The size of the harvest does not change from year to year, but fewer fruits are tied in a young tree.
During the existence of the variety, not a single case of Krasuli infection with scab, bacterial burns, pear mites, or rot was recorded.
Krasulia belongs to the elite varieties of pears. It was included in this list in 1987. The main distribution is the Urals, Western Siberia. The fruit tree is grown in horticultural plots and for industrial purposes.
The variety is frost-resistant. It should be noted that this characteristic increases with the onset of fruiting. At the age of 5 years, Krasulia pear without loss endures severe winters not only in the Urals, but also in Central Russia.
Long periods of absence of rain badly affect the fruiting of Krasulia pears. When the fruits are forming and ripening, intensive watering is needed.
The Krasulia pear is not a self-pollinating tree. Therefore, other pears should be planted nearby for cross-pollination. Suitable varieties: Rainbow and Severyanka. Flowering begins in mid-May and lasts about two weeks.
The main feature of the Krasul pear is a stable yield. Fruiting occurs in 4-5 years. From an adult tree, 30-50 kg of fruit are harvested. They ripen in early August. Ripening may occur two weeks earlier or later. It all depends on the specifics of the weather in the region.
Freshly harvested Krasulia pears are harvested for future use, consumed fresh. Jams, marmalades, preserves are made from fruits. The variety is not suitable for commercial purposes. The transportation of the pears is poorly tolerated. The storage period for ripe fruits is 10-12 days, in the refrigerator for 14 days.
If we take into account the reviews of gardeners, the description and photo of the variety, then we can highlight the main positive qualities of the Krasulya pear variety.
The main advantages include:
But the disadvantages include the following:
Pear "Krasulia" resistant to scab and bacterial cancerbut may be susceptible to other diseases of fruit trees.
Powdery mildew. To prevent the disease in the spring, pear trees are sprayed with a solution of colloidal sulfur (two or three treatments with an interval of two weeks).
In case of severe damage, the trees are sprayed with chemicals ("Skor", "Tilt KE", "Previkur", "Baylon", "Vitaros", "Topaz"). In autumn, trees must be treated with Bordeaux liquid.
Fruit rot most often appears during the rainy season. The pulp of the fruit turns brown and becomes inedible. All diseased fruits must be removed from the site and destroyed.
To prevent the disease in early spring and after flowering, plants are treated with Bordeaux liquid. In autumn, plants are sprayed with a saturated urea solution.
Rust The drugs "Hom", "Azofos", "Medex", "Strobi" are effective against this disease. They are sprayed on plants before and after flowering, as well as during fruit setting.
Variety "Krasulya" not afraid of pear gall mitesbut can be attacked by other pests. The fight against them is carried out using insecticides:
From leaf rollers - treatment with "Karbofos" during the swelling of the buds and after flowering. Insect larvae can be destroyed using an infusion of shag and tobacco (dilute 400 g in 10 liters of water and insist for 2 days, strain and dilute half with water).
From pear honey - the first spraying before flowering with Iskra-M, and the second spraying after it with Iskra DE. Fumigation of trees with tobacco smoke has a detrimental effect on adults.
From pear moth - treatment with “Iskra Bio” “Kinmix” or “Decis” preparations before and immediately after flowering. About a month after flowering, you can additionally spray the trees with Iskra DE.
Also effective against the moth "Agravertin", "Fitoverm", "Iskra-bio", "Aurum-S". In spring, trapping belts are installed on tree trunks, and baits are used to catch moth butterflies.
The following varieties show resistance to diseases: Elena, Svetlyanka, Gera and Cathedral.
Proper and timely tree care helps to prevent the appearance of pests and diseases. It is necessary to carry out pruning on time with thinning the crown for better ventilation. In autumn, the trunks and aisles need to be loosened.
Pear "Krasulya" is an unpretentious, early ripening and frost-resistant tree that can decorate any garden. It will take a lot of time and effort to grow a beautiful pear and get the first harvest. However, the fruits of "Krasuli" are so tasty and attractive that they will pay off all your efforts.
Svetlana, 35 years old, Orenburg
Pear Krasulia is an excellent option for those who do not want to lay the fruits for storage. Delicious pears, sweet and juicy. Children love them very much. And most importantly, there are no special worries. Cropping is minimal. She has never been ill with us.
Tatiana, 50 years old, Tomsk
Krasula is one of the most suitable varieties for our climate. Of course, there are enough shortcomings. And it is stored poorly, and the fruits in dry years lose their juiciness, and they are prickly. But, as you collect crimson pears, your heart rejoices.