In every summer resident there is a desire for experiments, the search for the new and rare, a passion for discoveries. Growing familiar plants on your favorite six hundred square meters, you can and should experiment to discover original and new tastes. We will tell you what exotic vegetables you can plant on your site this year to diversify your harvest.
This culture has been known for a long time: it was grown already 2000 years ago by the ancient Romans, and it is not without reason that it is also called Roman cabbage. The plant is a relative of the beet, but unlike it, only stems and leaves are eaten.
There are two types: petiolate and leaf. Chard stems can be colored, depending on the variety, in different colors: white, orange, scarlet, burgundy. The bright color of the stems will decorate any garden bed.
Beets are eaten only after boiling, and sautéed for salads. During heat treatment, it loses its bright color. The vegetable is well suited for cooking stews, alone or in combination with other vegetables, for cooking cabbage soup and cabbage - it will replace the usual cabbage in them.
Chard contains many useful vitamins and minerals (vitamins K, A, E, potassium, magnesium, sodium and iron), which are preserved during heat treatment.
Beets are planted from seeds in early to mid-May. Like ordinary beets, this species loves sunny places, and care consists in timely regular watering and feeding with organic fertilizers. The vegetable is unpretentious and frost-resistant. Since this is a biennial plant, after overwintering, Swiss chard will delight you with fresh greens in early spring. It grows back quickly after cutting and produces a regular harvest throughout the season.
This vegetable has been known since ancient times as a food and medicinal crop. It is characterized by a pleasant aniseed aroma. There are two types: leaf and vegetable. It is rich in vitamins and minerals, essential oils. Fennel essential oil is used in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries: for example, it is part of the preparations for colic in babies (Plantex). It has a beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal tract.
Fennel leaves can be used to dress fresh green salads instead of dill, or to make herbal tea. Vegetable fennel is suitable for soups, side dishes or fresh for salads.
Fennel seeds will be difficult to germinate due to their high content of essential oils. In order to accelerate the germination of seeds, they must be soaked in water for several days, regularly changing it to fresh water.
This is a heat-loving plant, so it is grown for seedlings in April, and transplanted to a permanent place in mid-May. Fennel is extremely sensitive to the length of daylight hours and watering: with a lack of light and moisture, it can go into the arrow. Vegetable fennel must be spilled periodically to protect it from the sun and increase the white mass of the vegetable. Like sunflower, it has a depressing effect on the next planting of vegetables, so it should be planted away from other crops.
This vegetable is a close relative of the cucumber and resembles small melons in shape. They eat both unripe fruits instead of cucumbers, and ripe ones, which, as they ripen, become tasty like melons, only miniature ones.
Due to the shorter growing season, fruits almost always ripen, even if it is a short rainy summer. They are used both fresh on their own or in salads, and for salting, in the preparation of preserves, jams. Cucumber fruits will not be bitter, they will retain their cucumber taste even with a lack of watering. With excessive moisture, ripe fruits can crack, they must be removed on time.
Ogurdynia can be grown through seedlings in April or directly outdoors in May. The first ovary appears 70-75 days after germination. It is necessary to protect the crop from birds. To avoid cross-pollination, do not plant close to other related crops - cucumbers, pumpkins, zucchini, and so on.
This plant is native to tropical Africa and is extremely thermophilic. Belongs to the Malvaceae family, and its flowers resemble those of mallow.
They eat unripe fruits that resemble pepper pods. They taste like zucchini and green beans. The fruits are rich in vitamins and minerals. The culture is used for making soups, side dishes. Fruits can be dried, frozen, canned, and seeds of unripe fruits can replace green peas. From ripe ones, you can make a drink like coffee.
Okra is grown in the south of Russia. In the middle lane, you can grow through seedlings, sowing in mid-April, and you can plant it in open ground when the threat of return frosts passes, that is, somewhere in early June. Okra is a very fragile plant, so it needs to be protected from the wind. Prefers open, sunny places, timely watering and regular feeding. Will bear fruit until frost, and the fruit must be harvested every 2-3 days. If they are not collected in time, then they quickly become coarse and become unsuitable for cooking and inedible.
By planting these vegetables in your personal plot, you can diversify the menu, enrich the diet with new dishes. These vegetables, in fact, are not exotic - as you can see, they are all known since ancient times.
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Gardening is so actively spreading around the world that the ranks of active figures are replenishing very quickly, because everyone would like to independently grow vegetables for their family, enriching the body with useful vitamins and microelements. In addition to the classic set of familiar vegetables, each gardener tries to grow something that is, unusual, not like everyone else's, and then conduct various kinds of experiments on cooking exotic things in the kitchen in order to surprise and delight the household with a new and very unusual dish.
Everyone can grow something unusual, but useful and tasty, if they adhere to the main rules of planting and care, therefore, in our time, modern gardeners are capable of anything, the main thing is to have a true desire and aspiration. We have compiled a certain rating list that will help you decide what to try to grow so unusual in the coming season in order to surprise and please your loved ones.
On the windowsill, and even more so on the garden bed, you can grow small varieties of hot pepper, which is suitable for diablo pizza, exotic salads and sauces. Hot pepper bushes are generally not picky about care, and up to 50 fruits can ripen on one at the same time. Moreover, hot peppers are very healthy.
To understand what and where to plant, you need to divide all vegetables into:
Demanding to a large number of nutrients. These include:
Medium demanding. These vegetables will have to be fed once a season.
Medium demanding plants are:
Undemanding. Such plants will lack a minimum amount of nutrients. These include:
To correctly draw up a plan for planting plants, you should divide the garden into 4 zones:
After the season, demanding vegetables will need to be planted in the area where the seasonings (undemanding) were sitting, medium-demanding ones should be placed on the area from under the demanding ones, and the area where medium-demanding vegetables were sitting in the last season will be freed up for seasonings. It is worth noting that you need to alternate vegetables annually, as this contributes to obtaining the maximum yield, and the soil has time to rest.
For example, cabbage (we start, of course, with growing seedlings) can be placed in place of nightshades (tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants, peppers), cucumbers, onions (and the nightshades themselves are generally excluded from being placed next to each other).
It is advisable to sow cucumbers in place of pepper or spinach, carrots - peas or tomatoes.
Some vegetables require a separate area, since they can grow well only on their own ridges. In addition, some types of vegetables cannot grow in the neighborhood at all.
But there are some plants that do not need a separate place, they grow well with the main crop. These plants include:
For example, you can add radishes, beets or spinach to grapes.
For raspberries, beds are not needed. She will be comfortable along the fence, near the fruit trees. You can also arrange a separate raspberry bushes: plant raspberry bushes in several rows, the width of which should be about 0.6 m, and install supports with which the bushes will be tied. That is, two rows of raspberries can be placed on 1.5 m of soil. You can sow sorrel next to the raspberry tree - this plant will prevent the strong growth of bushes. Apart from sorrel, no culture can get along with raspberries.