Cucumber variety Ekol F1: important aspects of cultivation and care


One of the obligatory crops in our beds is cucumbers, which are good both fresh and preserved. If you decide to start growing cucumbers, but you have doubts about choosing a suitable variety, we advise you to pay attention to Ecole F1. It has gained popularity due to its exceptional taste, high yield and unpretentious cultivation.

History and description of the Ekol F1 variety

The Ekol F1 cucumbers are early-maturing gherkin-type hybrids. This crop was bred by specialists from the Dutch breeding organization Sygnenta Seeds. The variety is relatively young; it was entered in the state register in 2007.

Note! First generation hybrid seeds are marked with F1. They can grow an excellent harvest even in a small area, but using them for growing in the next season is useless.

The Ekol F1 variety is parthenocarpic, that is, it does not need pollination. The course grows well, gives a long vine (from 2.5 to 5 m) with medium climbing and short internodes. One of the distinguishing features of this species is the bouquet bloom. Long-term fruiting begins in the second half of May and ends towards the end of September.

Cucumbers of the Ekol F1 variety develop several fruits at once in the leaf axils.

For cucumbers of the Ekol F1 variety, the fruits are cylindrical in shape, they are dark green, dense, with a characteristic crunch. Their surface is lumpy, covered with small, rather sharp spines. Taste qualities are high: the pulp is juicy, aromatic, without bitterness.

Fruits can reach a mass of 80–90 g and sizes up to 12 cm in length and about 3.5 cm in diameter. However, it is recommended to harvest them before they grow to a length of 5–7 cm. Otherwise, the fruits will begin to barrel, their flesh will lose flavor, aroma and firmness, and the rind will become too tough.

The Ekol F1 variety is distinguished by rich and friendly fruiting. Up to 5 fruits are simultaneously formed inside the leaf sinus. Already 42 days after the seeds sprout, the first crop can be harvested.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

prosMinuses
Resistant to diseases such as powdery mildew, cladosporia, viral mosaic, cucumber olive spotIf not harvested on time, the fruits thicken and lose their taste.
Suitable for industrial cultivationThorns on cucumbers
Tolerates heat well
Self-pollinated variety
Early ripe variety
Can be planted directly into open ground
High yield - up to 20 kg from 1 m2
Good taste without bitterness
Cucumbers are great for canning
Suitable for picking pickles

Video: description of Ekol F1 cucumbers

Planting cucumbers: the main rules

For planting the Ekol F1 variety, light loamy soils that allow air to pass through are better suited. Try to find a place for these cucumbers under the garden where potatoes, onions, cabbage or nightshades grew last season. It will also require plenty of sunlight and good wind protection.

Before planting, dig up the soil well and add dry manure or compost to it in a ratio of 20 kg per 1 m².

Ekol F1 cucumbers can be grown by seedlings or planting seeds in the ground

There are two methods of growing the Ekol F1 variety - seedling and non-seedling.

Seedling method

A good time to sow with this method is April. You will need individual pots with a diameter of 10 cm.Also prepare a nutritional formula with the following ingredients:

  • 2 parts of peat;
  • 2 parts of humus;
  • 1 part sawdust.

Add 1 tsp to a bucket of this substrate. potassium sulfate, urea, superphosphate and 200 g of wood ash.

Note! You will have to place each seedling in an individual pot, since picking is difficult for cucumbers.

The sowing process has its own rules.

  1. First of all, be sure to pre-process the planting material. Spread the seeds on damp gauze, wrap and leave to soak for 2-3 days at a temperature of 25-30 ° C.

    Cucumber seeds ready to plant in the ground

  2. When the sprouts reach a length of 3-5 mm, plant the seeds in prepared pots, 1-2 pieces each. Deepen the seeds 1–1.5 cm, carefully so as not to damage the sprouts.
  3. Cover the planted cucumbers with plastic wrap and place in a room with a constant temperature of 23-25 ​​° C.
  4. Remove the film after 3-4 days. The room temperature should be reduced to 17–19 ° C during the day and 12–14 ° C at night. Water the seedlings infrequently, but abundantly.
  5. Start hardening the seedlings a week before planting them in the ground. Lower the room temperature to 15 ° C and take the seedling pots outside for half an hour every day.

When the seedlings grow up to 20 cm in height and form 2-3 full leaves, plant them in open ground.

When forming 2-3 true leaves (not cotyledons), seedlings can be planted in the ground

  1. In the prepared bed, make rows at a distance of 50 cm from each other, and in them - holes after 35 cm.The depth of the holes is about 15 cm.
  2. Pour 0.5 liters of water into each well. Carefully remove the seedling from the pot along with the earthy clod.
  3. In this form, place the seedling in the hole, sprinkle with soil, compact and water again. The depth of the seedlings should be at the same level as the seedling was in the pot. Thanks to this, fruiting will increase significantly.

    Seedlings are removed from the pot along with an earthen clod on the roots.

Some cucumber gardeners recommend burying the stems to a lower level. Please note that this technique is only relevant for the southern regions. In a cool climate and a short, cool summer, the overgrown root system will not allow the crop to form in the expected volume.

Please note that thickening of the plantings creates suitable conditions for the occurrence of diseases, can lead to a deterioration in the quality of the fruits and even the death of the bush. Therefore, place only 4–5 bushes on 1 m².

Video: planting cucumbers in open ground

Growing in a seedless way

Sowing cucumbers in open ground is carried out in the last decade of May. By this time, a constant air temperature of 22-24 ° C during the day and about 18 ° C at night has already been established; the soil warms up to 15 ° C - the optimal indicator for the rapid development of the plant.

Use seeds that are 2-3 years old for a seedless method. If these are not on hand, heat the annual seeds to 60 ° C. Then you can do sowing directly.

  1. Treat the seeds first to prevent possible diseases. Soak the planting material in a solution of 1 tbsp. ash and 1 tsp nitrophosphate in 1 liter of water and leave for 12 hours.
  2. Make holes at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other (between the rows there should be the same 50 cm). pour about 2 liters of water into each hole.
  3. Place 5 seeds in each hole and deepen them about 2 cm.

    When sowing with seeds, several pieces are placed in one hole.

  4. Be sure to cover the bed with a film at night and when it gets cold.
  5. After 10 days, thin out the sprouts so that the distance between them is about 10 cm. Do not pull out the seedlings, but cut them off, otherwise you will damage the delicate roots of the sprouts remaining in the ground.

    Cucumbers should be thinned out by cutting off excess plants, and not pulling them out

  6. When the seedlings get stronger and full leaves appear on them, repeat thinning. This time, there should be 20-25 cm between the bushes.

Features of care for cucumbers Ekol F1

Although the Ekol F1 variety is not picky in care, you still need to follow certain rules of agricultural technology.

It is recommended to remove all ovaries at 4–6 lower nodes during the growth of seedlings. Thanks to this, the plant will form a powerful root system, which will significantly increase the yield.

Scheme of the formation of parthenocarpic hybrids of cucumber with a bouquet type of flowering

Watering

Cucumbers are very demanding on moisture, so they need frequent watering. The roots of the plant are located close to the rapidly drying soil surface. The lack of liquid in cucumbers deteriorates the taste, they begin to turn yellow. First of all, when watering, you need to focus on external conditions: in dry hot weather, water cucumbers more often, with a decrease in temperature and frequent rains, significantly reduce soil moisture in order to prevent root rot.

Water cucumbers in the morning before sunrise or in the evening after sunset

It is best to use a watering can with a spray nozzle for watering. A bucket or hose will not work; you may damage the roots. Water the cucumber bushes with warm water at 25 ° C. Watering should be done either in the morning before sunrise or in the evening after sunset; so you will save leaves and stems from burns.

Table of terms and rates of irrigation

Growth periodRegularitynumber
Before floweringEvery 5 days25 l of water per 1 m²
Since the appearance of the ovaryEvery 3-4 days
From the beginning of fruitingEvery 2-3 days

Top dressing

Without proper feeding, cucumbers will not please you with a good harvest. Due to the close location of the roots at the soil surface, the plant cannot receive nutrients from the lower layers of the soil.

Feed your cucumbers regularly to get a good harvest.

Apply the top dressing 4 hours before watering the cucumbers. Be sure to wash off the salts formed during this time on the leaves so that burns do not appear on the plant.

Table: top dressing and fertilization schedule

IntroductionTop dressing compositionConsumption
With the seedless method - after 1-2 leaves are formed; for seedlings - 10-15 days after disembarkation10 g of superphosphate, potassium salt and ammonium nitrate per 10 liters of waterThe specified amount for 3-4 m2
2 weeks after the first procedure20 g of superphosphate, potassium salt and ammonium nitrate per 10 liters of water
During fruiting weekly30 g of potassium sulfate per 10 l of water

Support

The cucumber has thin shoots, and a large number of leaves and fruits are located on them. Therefore, it will be advisable to provide him with additional support in the form of a trellis. Of course, the cucumber will grow well without it, but the whips along with the fruits will lie on the ground, which can lead to rotting or disease. And the trellis, in turn, will provide ventilation of the bushes, their lighting in the required volume and your convenience when picking cucumbers.

Thanks to the trellis, the cucumber bushes are well ventilated, and it is more convenient to collect the fruits.

Install the top crossbar of the trellis at a height of 1.5–1.8 m. When the cucumber lash grows to it, secure the tip by wrapping it around and pinch the growing point.

Video: how to properly form a cucumber bush on a trellis

Diseases and pests

The Ekol F1 cucumbers are resistant to viral mosaics, powdery mildew and cladosporia, but they are susceptible to several ailments.

Table of diseases of the variety and methods of combating them

DiseaseManifestationsFighting the disease
Downy mildew
  1. The leaves are covered with light yellow spots and dry out over time.
  2. A gray coating appears below the leaf plate.
  1. Treat the bushes completely with Quadris fungicide. For 1 hundred square meters, a solution of 6 ml of the substance in 5 liters of water is needed.
  2. Tear off and destroy all affected leaves and fruits.
  3. Spray the plants with Bordeaux mixture (100 g of the preparation per 10 liters of water).
White rotWhite bloom and rot are formed on the leaves.
  1. Destroy the affected areas of the bush.
  2. Spray the plant with a solution of 10 g of urea and 2 g of copper sulfate in 10 liters of water. For 10 m², 1 liter of solution is required.
Tobacco mosaicYellow spots are formed on the fruits.The disease is not cured, destroy the affected bushes completely.

Photogallery of diseases of cucumber varieties Ekol F1

Table of pests and methods of controlling them

PestSymptoms of the appearanceControl measuresProphylaxis
Melon aphidFlowers, shoots, ovaries and leaves wrinkle, curl over time.Prepare a solution of 2 tbsp. karbofos in 10 liters of water, heat to 30 ° C. Spray the plants at the rate of 1–2 liters per 1 m².Remove weeds and plant debris regularly.
Spider miteLight dots appear on the reverse side of the leaf plate, over time they turn into spots. The leaf dries up.Treat the plant with a composition of 10 g of red ground pepper, 1 kg of potato tops and 10 liters of water. The mixture must be infused for 4 hours.
WhiteflyThe leaves turn black and dry quickly (the pest sucks the juice out of them).Place a piece of plywood painted with yellow paint and covered with petroleum jelly or castor oil on the garden bed, rinse the bushes thoroughly with clean water, and then loosen the soil under the bushes to a depth of 2 cm.

Photogallery of pests of cucumbers Ekol F1

Harvesting the harvest

Start picking when the cucumbers are 5–7 cm long. This is the stage of incomplete ripeness, but if you miss it, the fruits will quickly overripe, become unpleasant to the taste and become tough. Collect every 2 days, do not pull or twist the fruit, but cut it off with a knife so that the stalk remains on the loop.

Harvest Ekol F1 cucumbers that are not fully ripe

Ekol F1 cucumbers should be picked in the morning or evening and stored in a shaded, cool place. Fresh they can be stored for 5 days at temperatures up to 15 ° C. You can make salads from these cucumbers, as well as salt, pickle and preserve them.

Reviews of gardeners about Ekol F1 cucumbers

Ekol F1 (Syngenta) - prickly cucumbers, choose only with gloves. I did not like it in terms of stability. When overgrown, the cucumbers turn into barrels. Some strange feature, cucumbers are small at first, small, and then bam - and already barreled ... We do not choose every day. Because for me this is a minus.

Grown this year for the first time. The yield is high, there is a lot of ovary. Collected daily, very small for canning (no more than 5-6 cm long). The first jar has already been opened - the taste is excellent, the cucumbers are dense and crispy.

Ecole F1, of course, salted, Syngenta, Holland. Early maturing 37–38 days, pickles, 3–5 cm, cluster fruiting, suitable for growing in extreme conditions, for protected and open ground.

Thanks to their high yield and unpretentious agricultural technology, Ekol F1 cucumbers have gained well-deserved popularity among gardeners. If you have already been involved in the cultivation of cucumbers of this variety, please share your experience with us in the comments. Have a nice harvest!


Watch the video: Growing healthy pickling cucumbers


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