Detailed description and characteristics of the colette potato variety


Colette is an early ripe potato variety that is very popular among gardeners and summer residents. The variety, bred in Europe, has become widespread in our country due to its yield and good taste. An important role in the popularization of this potato was played by the ability to grow two crops per season without loss of quality. A detailed description of this variety can be found below.

Variety and its features

Main characteristics

Colette potatoes are bred by European breeders for the production of chips and fries. A feature of this variety is that it has a high yield.... In addition to excellent taste characteristics, the variety also copes with various diseases, such as late blight.

The maximum yield indicators are obtained with preliminary germination of tubers. In addition, planting is recommended considering crop rotation. In this way, Colette potatoes will yield a good harvest after planting legumes, perennials and winter varieties... Special care is not required, and protection from pests and diseases will increase the amount of the crop.

Description

The fruits grow approximately the same size and elongated shape. Colette belongs to the early varieties, matures in 60-75 days after planting in the ground and can bear fruit twice in a season. Ripe potatoes have a pale yellow flesh. The mass of one potato reaches 130 grams.

With regular watering, Colette gives a high yield, approximately 35 to 65 tons per hectare... The main features of the variety are that it has a bright yellow skin, smooth to the touch, weakly pronounced eyes and a rounded or rounded-oblong shape. The starch content in this variety is minimal - 12-18%.

Advantages and disadvantages

Among the advantages are:

  • high yield;
  • opportunity to grow two harvests per season;
  • good taste qualities;
  • high preservation tubers;
  • tenacity to various plant diseases;
  • fast germination.

The tubers grow quickly and give maximum growth. In addition, these fruits have the same shape and weight. Among the shortcomings, they highlight the fact that it is not profitable to grow such a variety on all types of soil. This is due to the fact that Colette is a thermophilic variety that requires irrigation and regular thinning.... As for the reviews, they are mostly positive among potato producers and farmers.

Features of growing potatoes Colette

When to plant? The timing of planting Colette tubers in the regions of our country varies significantly. In the southern regions it is the end of April - the beginning of May, in the central and northern regions - the middle and the end of May... An indicator for starting agricultural work is sufficient soil moisture, its warming up and the absence of frost on the ground and in the air. Indeed, early and late planting of potatoes often leads to a decrease in yield.

How to plant?

You can increase the yield if the tubers are warmed up until small sprouts form on them. It is better to plant seed in rows. In this case, the row spacing is at least 75 cm, and the distance between plants in a row is 30 cm.

Before planting, planting potatoes are processed to stimulate growth and protect against diseases with drugs: Prestige, Cruiser, Albit, Force.

Potatoes planted in the ground require proper care in order to obtain a good harvest.

How to care?

In the process of growing Colette, a number of mandatory activities should be performedth:

  • Hilling - is carried out in several stages during the growth of the stems. The first time you should "burn" the row on both sides after the appearance of the first 2-4 leaves above the ground (you can close the seedlings completely with earth). This will protect the delicate shoots from low temperatures at night. The next 1-2 hilling is carried out before the beginning of flowering of the potato;
  • Loosening the soil and removing weeds... Carry out as soon as harmful plants appear. The first loosening can be carried out even before the emergence of seedlings. In this case, the tool should not be deepened more than 1-1.5 cm, so as not to damage the sprouts. It is convenient to combine subsequent procedures with hilling;
  • Watering is carried out if there is no rain... It is very important that the soil is moist, while it should not be excessively moistened.
  • Top dressing... It is carried out 2-3 times before the beginning of flowering with the preparations Nitrophozka, Solution or Effekton. The first top dressing should be applied if the tops are thin and the leaves are light in color. The second and third time, the bushes should be "fed" with an interval of 10 days.

It is imperative to spray potatoes from pests - the Colorado potato beetle. This will make it possible to preserve the harvest without loss.

How to get 2 crops in 1 season?

Colette is an early ripening variety that allows you to grow 2 crops without problems from spring to autumn. With proper care, the first crop is obtained in mid-July.... Drying tops serve as a signal to start harvesting. You can dig out bushes both manually and with the help of technology, which significantly speeds up the harvesting process. After harvesting potatoes, the soil is weeded from weeds and dry tops, cultivated and moistened. After that, you can start planting potatoes. Planting and care activities are similar to those performed when receiving the first harvest.

The Colette variety is an option for obtaining a large harvest in one season. However, he well stored until spring, resistant to late blight and disease, not damaged in transit. Colette potatoes are the best option, both for individual cultivation and for farms.


Colette

General characteristics: an early universal variety of German selection, capable of producing 2 crops per season. Differs in beautiful elongated oval tubers. One of the most popular varieties among the chip manufacturers. Responsive to watering. Stores well. Susceptible to late blight.

Ripening period: 50-65 days.

Starch content: 12.2-15.2%

Marketable tubers weight (grams): 66-125 grams.

The number of tubers in the bush: 6-11.

Consumer qualities: excellent taste, medium digestibility, pulp does not darken during cooking. More suitable for frying and chips.

Keeping quality (storage capacity): 92%.

Preferred growing regions (RF): Central, Volgo-Vyatka, North Caucasian.

Disease resistance: susceptible to late blight in tops and tubers, resistant to golden potato cyst nematode and potato cancer.

Growing features: before planting, it is recommended to warm up and germinate, irrigation significantly increases the yield, the optimal width between plants is 30 cm, between rows - 75 cm.

Others: the originator of the Colette variety is EUROPLANT PFLANZENZUCHT GMBH (Germany).


Positive qualities of Colette potatoes

Since 2002, this variety has been grown in Russia, and during this time, gardeners have identified the following positive qualities:

  • high yield
  • early fruiting
  • excellent taste
  • disease resistance
  • friendly fruiting and ripening of tubers
  • the ability to harvest two crops per season
  • smooth and beautiful tubers
  • tends to be stored for a long time without loss in quality.

There is also one drawback, the tubers ripen quickly and the potatoes give a high yield on fertile soils with constant watering.


Characteristics of the variety

Colette belongs to the early maturing varieties, the harvest is harvested 45 days after germination. At this time, from one hundred square meters, you can get from 110 to 150 kg. If you wait 10 days, the harvest will add in weight from 160 to 280 kg. The keeping quality of the variety is high up to 92%. The starch content in tubers is from 12 to 15%. The peculiarity of the "Colette" variety is that the tubers do not boil soft during cooking. Potatoes are suitable for most dishes, including chips.

Variety "Colette" is resistant to late blight and is not affected by cyst nematode, potato cancer.

The main advantages of the variety:

  • excellent germination
  • amicable return
  • early variety (ripens in 45 days, there is a possibility of re-cultivation in the southern regions, Moscow region and the middle lane)
  • good keeping quality of harvest 97%
  • high transportability (tubers tolerate transportation well even over long distances)
  • resistance to a number of major diseases
  • smooth tubers suitable for industrial processing.


Landing features

Sowing of potatoes in our country is carried out from the beginning of April and continues until the very end of May. It all depends on the region. In the south, work can be carried out from the first days of April, and in the north it is better to postpone until the temperature stabilizes and planting in late spring.

You need to plant potatoes in rows. The width between them must be at least 75 cm, and between the holes at least 30 cm. Pre-planting material must be germinated. This is the key to good yields. In general, about 35 tons of potatoes are harvested per hectare. But if the soil is sufficiently moist, it is quite possible to double this indicator, increasing it to 65-70 tons per hectare.

A second crop can be grown in the same area. To do this, collect it 45-60 days after the first batch has been planted in the ground. The fact that the potatoes are ripe and that digging can be carried out can be determined by the dried tops on the soil surface.

After harvesting the root crops, the soil should be weeded very thoroughly, well moistened, and re-sowing can be carried out. It has no special features. The only thing is that the need to increase the soil moisture level is increasing due to the heat.

Colette potatoes are distinguished by their unpretentiousness to growing conditions. But some recommendations still need to be followed. After the first 2-4 leaves appear above the soil surface, it is necessary to hilling.

It is even possible for the leaves to be completely wrapped in the ground. This will protect them from possible night frosts. Further, before the flowers appear on the bushes, it is necessary to carry out two more hilling.

Loosening the soil is a very important step in the care. Only with a sufficiently loose soil will root crops be able to receive the required amount of oxygen, nutrients and moisture, and therefore develop normally.

Weeding is carried out as needed. If this is done with a tool, it is impossible to deepen it more than one and a half centimeters into the soil, otherwise there is a risk of damaging young shoots.

If there is a period of rains, there is enough moisture in the soil, but in the future, it should be moistened regularly. Only with regular watering is it possible to experience the high yield of this variety.

It does not hurt two or three times during the entire growing season to feed. This is done before flowering with drugs such as Effecton, Nitrofoska, Solution, etc.


Colette potatoes: AgroNews Asset

newspaper "AgroNovosti" dated 28.07.

View varieties and hybrids: amaranth, watermelon, beans, eggplant, vetch, melilot, peas, mustard, buckwheat, cabbage, potatoes, coriander, rump, corn, flax, onions, lupine, alfalfa, mallow, carrots, chickpeas, oats, fescue , paisa, sweet pepper, sunflower, tomato, millet, wheat, rapeseed, milk thistle, rice, rye, camelina, safflower, beetroot, sorghum, soybeans, Sudanese grass, rape, triticale, pumpkin, beans, garlic, lentils, china, chumiza , sainfoin, barley.

Originators of an early variety of potatoes for table use Colette EUROPLANT PFLANZENZUCHT GMBH (Germany), CJSC Oktyabrskoe (Leningrad Region), CJSC Greenhouse and greenhouse complex Elita-potato (Omsk), CJSC Teplichny (Omsk), IE Kolyasin S.N. ( Omsk Region), Alrost LLC (Novocheboksarsk, Chuvashia), Alchak LLC (Kazan, Tatarstan).

The Colette potato variety was bred by breeders with the ability to produce 2 crops in one season. The colette potatoes are even well suited for making chips.

The variety has been included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements since 2007.

Biological features: Vegetation period (from germination, subject to germination) 52-62 days. The plant is semi-erect, green leaf, medium-sized leaf. Corolla medium to large, reddish purple. The tuber is elongated and oval.

[su_box title = "Tip" style = "glass" box_color = "# FFDB00 ″ radius =" 5 ″]

The peel is yellow, smooth. The pulp is light yellow. Superficial bedding of the eyes. The mass of a commercial tuber is 66-125 grams. Starch content 12.2-15.2%.

The variety has a medium digestibility, there is no darkening after cooking. The taste is good. Marketability 76-98%. Keeping quality 92%.

The marketable yield of Colette potatoes is 30-60 tons per hectare, with irrigation 40-60 tons per hectare. Forms tubers together. The yield on the 45th day after full germination (1st digging) is 11.3-20.3 tons per hectare, on the 55th day (2nd digging) - 20.6-56 tons per hectare. The maximum yield is 60 tons per hectare.

Colette potatoes are resistant to the causative agent of potato cancer and the golden potato cyst nematode.

Colette potatoes respond well to irrigation.

Colette potatoes are planted in rows, 75 cm - row spacing, 28-30 cm between plants. Warming up and germination is recommended before planting.

Information provided by CJSC RosEvroplant (Udmurtia)

View varieties and hybrids: amaranth, watermelon, beans, eggplant, vetch, melilot, peas, mustard, buckwheat, cabbage, potatoes, coriander, rump, corn, flax, onions, lupine, alfalfa, mallow, carrots, chickpeas, oats, fescue , paisa, sweet pepper, sunflower, tomato, millet, wheat, rapeseed, milk thistle, rice, rye, camelina, safflower, beetroot, sorghum, soybeans, Sudanese grass, rape, triticale, pumpkin, beans, garlic, lentils, china, chumiza , sainfoin, barley.

View Offers on agroexchange.ru


Potato variety Colette

Colette is a German early maturing potato variety (Solanum tuberosum) for universal use. It was bred in the late 90s by the specialists of the Kartoffelzucht Bohm company in cooperation with EUROPLANT Pflanzenzucht GmbH. In 2002 he was included in the state register of breeding achievements of the Russian Federation. Zoned in three regions of the country: Central, Volgo-Vyatka, North Caucasian. One of the most commonly used varieties for processing into chips. Differs in high marketability of tubers, good keeping quality. Can produce two crops per season.

It is worth noting one nuance for a start. Some gardeners call our hero "Limonka", but this is not entirely correct. The fact is that "lemon" is the popular nickname for most varieties of potatoes with a bright yellow skin. Some sources, however, report the existence of a separate species with this name, but there is no official data on its reality. With the same success, Picasso, Vineta, Jelly and others were nicknamed the lemon.

The period from the moment of emergence of full shoots to harvest is 50-65 days. The first digging can be carried out on the 45th day of the growing season.

The plant is of medium height, semi-erect. Leaves are medium in size, light green, with slightly wavy edges. The flowers are rather large, the corolla is red-violet in color. Flowering at Colette is short-lived and scarce.

In one nest, an average of about 6-11 marketable homogeneous tubers weighing 66-125 grams are formed. They have an oval oblong regular shape and a smooth surface. The rind is thin, yellow, very smooth to the touch. The pulp is light yellow in color. The eyes are shallow, the depth is shallow, so they are practically invisible. The tubers in the nest are clustered together and are formed close to the surface, making it very convenient to dig in them.

The marketable yield of potatoes, according to state tests, is 166-217 c / ha, at the level of Zhukovsky standards and 43 c / ha more than Bryansk early.On the 45th day after germination (at the first digging), it was possible to collect 113-153 c / ha, at the level and by 52 c / ha more than the standard of the Bryansky Early variety. During the second digging, on the 55th day of the growing season, 156-276 c / ha were obtained from one hectare, at the level and 39 c / ha higher than the established standards. The maximum yield was achieved in the Rostov region - 290 c / ha. According to some reports, with proper agricultural technology, it is possible to collect up to 600 c / ha. The marketability of tubers is 76-98%, keeping quality is 92%, the tendency to germination is low.

Colette tastes very good. The digestibility of the tubers is average, which makes them versatile in cooking. After heat treatment, they retain their color and shape, look attractive and appetizing. The main area of ​​application for these potatoes is processing into chips. This variety is preferred by many crispy potato growers! Also tubers are great for deep-frying, and in general, they will perfectly show themselves in absolutely any dish. Unless, they are not particularly suitable for delicate airy puree, but this is already a matter of taste. The pulp contains 12.2-15.2% starch, 1.5-2.7% lower than the standards of Bryansk Early and Volzhanin. But despite this, it has a very pleasant consistency, without excessive wateriness, the dry matter content in it is slightly increased.

The variety is quite demanding on the nutrient and mineral composition of the soil. Colette grows best on loose fertile soils - light loam and sandy loam. However, with proper agricultural technology, it is capable of producing a large amount of harvest on soils that are not suitable for it. Plants do not require special attention to themselves, but there are several features of cultivation, which we will talk about below.

  • Tubers have a pronounced dormant period, therefore, before planting, they must be warmed up and germinated. Firstly, it will improve the germination rate, and secondly, it will shorten the ripening time of the variety. Be careful when planting germinated seed!
  • Experts recommend planting tubers at a distance of 28-30 cm from each other, while the row spacing should be about 75 cm. As for the planting depth, depending on the type of your soil, it can vary. On light soils, the holes can be up to 10 cm deep, while on heavy soils - no more than 6 cm.
  • Plants respond well to watering. On well-moistened soils, the yield of Colette increases significantly, so you should take care of the regular supply of water to the potatoes. The ideal solution would be to install an automatic irrigation system.

  • Also, the amount of the crop is significantly influenced by the timely implementation of standard agrotechnical measures, such as loosening the soil, weeding, hilling, preventive treatment against pests and diseases. Do not forget about fertilizing the soil. The need for top dressing depends on the composition of your soil. General recommendations are as follows - mineral complexes are introduced in standard amounts, and nitrogen complexes - in limited ones. An excess of nitrogen in the soil leads to an intensification of the growth of green mass to the detriment of the growth of tubers.
  • This potato has a rather thin skin, so carelessness in harvesting can lead to dire consequences. Tuber crops with mechanical damage are poorly preserved, moreover, they lose their presentation, and sometimes their taste.
  • It is necessary to maintain crop rotation on the site. This will keep your plants from contracting nightshade-like diseases. The most beneficial predecessors will be legumes, cucumber, zucchini, cabbage, garlic, onions, and green manure.
  • Renew your seed in a timely manner. This is very important if you want to keep the yield of large commercial tubers at a high level.

Variety Colette is resistant to golden cyst nematode, cancer causative agent, viruses A and Y, common scab, black leg. Shows medium resistance to leaf curling. According to the All-Russian Research Institute of Phytopathology, it is susceptible to late blight in tops and tubers. Incidentally, this is the main disadvantage of the variety.

Over the long period of its existence, this potato has acquired many positive reviews from gardeners and large agricultural enterprises throughout the country. Especially appreciated for its excellent taste, versatility in cooking, as well as suitability for processing into chips. You cannot ignore the excellent presentation of the tubers, their excellent keeping quality. According to the observations of gardeners, tubers can be stored for more than a year, while they do not germinate and retain their consumer qualities and pleasant appearance.

As for the yield, opinions differ here. To some it seems high, to some it is insufficient. Of course, in comparison with some other varieties, our hero may not have an outstanding yield, but he can clearly beat them in his taste! By the way, the difference in opinions on this matter can be explained much more simply - with proper agricultural technology and proper care, you, of course, can get more harvest. The growing region also plays an important role in this.

But let's get back to the list of benefits of potatoes. It includes resistance to various diseases, and relative undemanding care, and early amicable ripening of tubers. In addition, Colette can produce two crops per season, but this requires good care of both it and the soil on which it is grown.

Let's not forget to mention the disadvantages of the variety. The main thing is its susceptibility to late blight, however, it is quite simple to solve this problem with the help of preventive treatments and compliance with crop rotation. Otherwise, our hero no longer had any big drawbacks, so it's definitely worth trying to grow him!

Colette is officially cultivated by: CJSC Oktyabrskoe in the Leningrad Region, LLC Alchak in Tatarstan, CJSC Teplichny in the Omsk Region, IP Kolyasin Sergey Nikolaevich in Omsk, LLC Alrost in the Chuvash Republic, LLC Teplichno greenhouse complex "Elite-potato" "in Omsk, LLC" Slavyanka-M "in the Leningrad region. A. G. Lorkha "in the Moscow region., CJSC" Breeding plant "Prinevskoe" "" in the Leningrad region., FGBNU "Udmurt Research Institute of Agriculture", LLC "Elite Potato" in Tatarstan, IP Yachmenev Oleg Igorevich, LLC " Dawn-new "in the Kaliningrad region. SPK" Agrofirma "Elite potato" "" in the Moscow region., LLC ETK "Meristemnye kultury" in the Stavropol region.


Watch the video: HOW I LOST 25 POUNDS IN 6 WEEKS: MY EXACT MEAL PLAN


Previous Article

15 best varieties of cabbage

Next Article

Elecampane: medicinal properties and contraindications, planting and care, photo