Elecampane: medicinal properties and contraindications, planting and care, photo


Garden plants

Elecampane (lat.Inula), or yellow - a genus of perennials of the family Asteraceae, or Asteraceae, growing in Asia, Africa and Europe in meadows, in quarries, ditches and near water bodies. Otherwise, this plant is called nine-force, wild sunflower, divosil, goldenrod, forest jaundice, thistle, thistle, bear's ear and forest adonis. According to various sources, the genus numbers from one hundred to two hundred species.
Traditional medicine has used the medicinal properties of elecampane since ancient times, and it is not surprising that in the end this wild plant began to be cultivated. Recently, owners of household plots have increasingly begun to grow tall elecampane (lat.Inula helenium) - one of the most popular species of the genus, which has medicinal properties.

Planting and caring for an elecampane

  • Bloom: within a month from July.
  • Landing: sowing seeds in open ground - in the second decade of May, after stratification of the seed, or before winter.
  • Lighting: bright sunlight.
  • The soil: nutritious, moist, breathable, drained, preferably loamy or sandy loam.
  • Watering: in the first year - frequent and abundant, especially during the periods of budding and flowering. In the future, the plant itself will begin to extract moisture for itself, therefore, from the second season, watering is carried out only during a prolonged drought.
  • Top dressing: solution of Nitroammofoska twice a season: as soon as the plant forms a rosette of leaves and when ground shoots begin to grow.
  • Reproduction: seed.
  • Pests and diseases: practically not affected.
  • Properties: is a well-known medicinal plant with anti-inflammatory, expectorant, diuretic, diaphoretic, antiseptic and anthelmintic action.

Read more about growing elecampane below.

Botanical description

Elecampane is usually a perennial herbaceous or semi-shrub plant, but there are both annual and biennial species in the genus. The rhizome of elecampane is shortened, thickened roots extend from it. The stems of elecampane are weakly branched, straight, pubescent or smooth. Leaves are cordate, large, lanceolate or oblong, irregularly serrated or entire. Single or collected in scutes or panicles, baskets of elecampane consist of marginal and tubular median flowers of different shades of yellow. The leaves are lanceolate, green. The fruits of elecampane are ribbed cylindrical pubescent or glabrous achenes.

Growing elecampane

Landing

If you decide to grow an elecampane plant on your site, then when choosing a place, take into account its need for good lighting and warmth. The soil of elecampane needs breathable, nutritious and moist, in composition - sandy loam or loamy. It is advisable to sow elecampane after pure steam, and then you can count on a high yield. It is necessary to prepare the site for sowing in advance: the soil is dug to the depth of a shovel bayonet with humus or compost at the rate of 5-6 kg per m², a phosphorus-potassium mixture (40-50 g / m²) is added and harrowed. Before sowing, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are scattered over the site, they are embedded to a depth of 10-15 cm, after which the surface is compacted.

Sowing seeds of elecampane is carried out in the spring (in the second decade of May) or before winter. Seed material does not need preliminary stratification, but for convenience the seeds are mixed with sand in equal parts. One meter long row will need approximately 200 elecampane seeds. The depth of planting in light soil is 2-3 cm, in heavy soil - 1-2 cm. Row spacings are left 60-70 cm wide. Seedlings will not appear before the air warms up to 6-8 ºC, but elecampane grass grows and develops best at temperature 20-25 ºC. Under normal weather conditions, it takes about two weeks from the moment of sowing to germination of the seeds. A few days before the emergence of shoots, the plot is harrowed across the sowing rows, removing large clods of earth and threadlike weed seedlings.

Propagated elecampane and dividing the rhizome. This method is carried out in the southern regions both in spring and in August, and in the northern ones only in spring, during the leafing period: the rhizome is dug up, cut into pieces, each of which should have 1-2 vegetative buds. They are planted at a distance of 30 to 65 cm from each other to a depth of 5-6 cm, with the buds up. Previously, each hole must be shed with warm water and fertilizers mixed with the soil must be added. After planting, the surface is compacted, watered and mulched. In the first season, the rooted plant will sprout, which by the end of summer will reach a height of 20-40 cm.

Care rules

From the moment the seeds germinate, caring for the elecampane consists in thinning the seedlings, watering the site, weeding and loosening the soil around the plants. The first year, elecampane grass grows very slowly, and by the end of summer it reaches a height of no more than 30-40 cm. By this time, the plants form a root system and rosettes of leaves. Elecampane will bloom not earlier than in July of the next season, and its flowering will continue for about a month.

The elecampane flower needs a lot of moisture, especially during the period of budding and flowering. Its penetrating root system draws water from deep soil layers, so the plant will only need to be watered during prolonged drought. As for weeding, you will have to do it regularly in the first year of life, and as soon as the elecampane grows up, he will not be afraid of any weeds.

At the stage of formation at the elecampane, the root rosette of leaves, and then again - after 3-4 weeks, when the ground shoots begin to grow - the plant is fed with Nitrofoska. In the fall, before the onset of a dormant period, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are applied to the soil.

Elecampane collection and storage

The harvest of rhizomes with adventitious roots can be harvested in the second year. When the seeds of the elecampane ripen, the plant is cut at a height of 5-10 cm from the ground, the bush is gently undermined with a pitchfork, the root of the elecampane is removed from the ground, shaken off, washed thoroughly, cut into pieces 10-20 cm long, dried for 2-3 days in the shade , transferred to a well-ventilated room, laid out in a layer no thicker than 5 cm and dried at a temperature of 35-40 ºC, constantly stirring and turning over so that the roots dry evenly. The finished raw materials are stored in bags, glass or wooden dishes for no longer than three years.

Types and varieties

Elecampane Royle (Inula royleana)

- perennial up to 60 cm high with oblong leaves up to 25 cm long and baskets 4-5 cm in diameter, consisting of bright yellow tubular and ligulate flowers. This species blooms in July-August. In culture since 1897.

Elecampane root-headed (Inula rhizocephala)

- one of the most popular ornamental plant species in the culture. Lanceolate long leaves of elecampane root-head are collected in a basal rosette, in the very middle of which there are compact dense yellow inflorescences. The root system of this species is superficial and highly branched.

Eastern elecampane (Inula orientalis)

originally from the Caucasus and Asia Minor. It is a perennial up to 70 cm high with straight stems, oblong-spatulate leaves and baskets with a diameter of 9-10 cm of yellow tubular and dark yellow, very thin and long ligulate flowers. In culture, the species has been since 1804.

Sword-leaved elecampane (Inula ensifolia)

can be found in forests, on mountain limestone and chalk slopes and in the steppes of the Caucasus and Europe. This is a compact plant with a height of 15 to 30 cm with strong, but thin stems branching in the upper part, narrow lanceolate sessile leaves up to 6 cm long and single yellow baskets with a diameter of 2 to 4 cm.In cultivation, the species has been cultivated since 1793, has a low-growing variety up to 20 cm in height, which is distinguished by abundant and long flowering.

Elecampane magnificent (Inula magnifica)

It is called so for good reason: it is a powerful majestic and spreading perennial up to 2 m high with a thick grooved stem, large oblong basal and lower stem leaves up to 50 cm long and up to 25 cm wide.At the base, the leaves taper and turn into a petiole up to 60 cm long. the leaves of the plant are sessile and much smaller than the lower ones. Yellow flower baskets up to 15 cm in diameter are located one or several on peduncles up to 25 cm long, forming shields. Elecampane blooms magnificent in July-August, but after the end of flowering, it completely loses its decorative effect, so it is usually cut off.

Elecampane British (Inula britannica)

in the wild, it occurs in the steppes, along ravines, along roadsides, in sedge bogs, in wet forest and saline meadows, birch forests and in floodplain bush thickets in Europe and Asia. It is a short perennial, covered with gray tomentose pubescence, with an erect, ribbed stem, simple or branched at the top and slightly reddish at the bottom. Its leaves are elliptical, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, sometimes ovoid, entire or finely toothed, with spines along the edges, sharp, glabrous or slightly pubescent from above, densely covered with appressed woolly or glandular hairs below. Yellow baskets up to 5 cm in diameter can be single or collected in loose shields.

Elecampane high (Inula helenium)

grows in light pine and deciduous forests, meadows, along the banks of the rivers of the Caucasus, Europe and Siberia. It is a perennial, forming a cylindrical bush up to 2.5 m high.It has a powerful, strong-smelling rhizome, oblong-elliptical basal and lower stem leaves 40-50 cm long and 15-20 cm wide.From the middle of the stem, the leaves are sessile, with a stem-enveloping base ... Golden-yellow baskets up to 8 cm in diameter are located on short peduncles in the axils of the bracts and form rare carpal inflorescences. This species has been cultivated since ancient times.

Elecampane properties - harm and benefit

Healing properties

The beneficial properties of elecampane are due to the substances contained in the root system of the plant: resins, wax, essential oil, vitamin E, saponins, mucus, polysaccharides inulin and inulenin. A decoction of elecampane, prepared from its rhizome and roots, is used for inflammatory processes of the stomach and intestines: peptic ulcer, gastritis, gastroenteritis, diarrhea, kidney and liver diseases, fever, acute respiratory infections, influenza, bronchitis with thick secretions, tuberculosis, tracheitis and other inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract. In addition to anti-inflammatory and expectorant, it has a diuretic, diaphoretic, antiseptic and anthelmintic effect: a decoction of elecampane is especially detrimental to ascaris. An indispensable decoction for skin diseases, and in combination with lard, it is the best remedy for scabies.

Freshly plucked leaves of the plant are applied to tumors and ulcers, erysipelas and scrofulous areas. The use of elecampane in folk medicine is not limited to the diseases already described: they are treated with furunculosis, itchy dermatosis, eczema, purulent wounds, jaundice, cystitis, arthritis and even venereal diseases. The pharmaceutical industry, based on elecampane roots, produces the drug Alanton, which is successfully used to treat non-scarring ulcers of the stomach and duodenum.

Vitamin E (tocopherol) contained in the roots of elecampane, which is a natural antioxidant, slows down the aging process.

Infusion of elecampane: pour 1 teaspoon of dry rhizomes with a glass of cold water, leave for 8 hours, strain and take 50 ml 20 minutes before meals 4 times a day as an expectorant, as well as with high blood pressure, hemorrhoids, diarrhea and as a blood purifier with skin diseases.

Elecampane tincture: pour 120 g of fresh elecampane roots with half a glass of Cahors or port wine, cook for 10 minutes, strain and take 50 ml before meals 2-3 times a day as a tonic and tonic for gastritis, stomach ulcers and after a serious illness.

Contraindications

Elecampane preparations are contraindicated for serious cardiovascular diseases, pregnancy, hypotension, gastritis with low acidity and kidney pathology. Elecampane with menstruation, accompanied by severe pain, can intensify them. With great care, elecampane should be given to children.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Asteraceae
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Information about Garden Plants
  6. Information on Perennial Plants
  7. Information about Herbaceous plants
  8. Information about medicinal plants

Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Flowering Medicinal Compositae (Asteraceae) Weeds on D


Elecampane: photo of a plant, its useful properties and description + Photo and Video

Elecampane - This is a tall perennial herb of the Compositae family, although annual representatives are sometimes found. Elecampane has many medicinal properties and is widely used in medicine.

Let's take a closer look at the photo of the plant, its useful properties and description. What does elecampane grass look like? Outwardly, it is incredibly similar to a sunflower. The plant has a tall, straight stem, 2 to 3 meters high, with bright yellow large flowers and large leaves.

Elecampane blooms from July to late September, and bears fruit from August to October. Has a fragrant smell and a characteristic bitter taste.


Elecampane in garden design

Since these are perennial plants, the location in the garden landscape is chosen in advance. It looks great in solitary plantings on mown lawns, flower beds. It is used for decoration of parks, forest parks, especially humid places near ponds, small lakes. They are planted along the roads.

For decorative purposes, you can use other types of elecampane: huge or large elecampane, British elecampane, oriental elecampane, magnificent elecampane.

Elecampane gorgeous (Inula mafnifica) in garden design. © Andrew Loudon


Elecampane - medicinal properties and contraindications, reviews

For many centuries, ancestors were treated with herbs, thus studying their medicinal properties. Nowadays, plants have also become very popular, which help to cope with ailments, where modern medicine has proved powerless. Very good results in solving many health problems have shown elecampane, medicinal properties and contraindications it is described below.

The content of the article:

What is a plant?

It will not be difficult to recognize the plant among others, since its distinctive feature is its bright orange flowers, which have unique properties. Herbalists have long recognized elecampane, instructions for use it also confirms it as an excellent useful natural remedy that effectively helps to get rid of a particular pathology, including male and female infertility.

The root and rhizomes are used as raw materials, and all thanks to their composition:

  • • Essential oil is considered an excellent remedy that removes inflammation and also has antiseptic properties
  • • Inulin normalizes metabolic processes
  • • Polysaccharides normalize the immune system and energy reserves
  • • Vitamin E acts as an antioxidant.

Positive properties

The herb is considered to be an excellent anti-inflammation agent, excellent at fighting germs and other properties. Elecampane medicinal properties:

  • • Helps with pathologies of the upper and lower respiratory tract, including pneumonia and colds
  • • Tuberculosis
  • • Spasm of the stomach and intestines
  • • Normal work of metabolic processes
  • • Stimulation of bile and its easy waste
  • • Remedy against worms and microbes
  • • Has a diuretic effect.

But it's worth remembering that elecampane roots and rhizomes can not only help solve health problems, but also cause serious harm.

Contraindications

Before you start taking the herb, you need to consult with a doctor who will not only select the correct dose and course, but also determine if the patient has any pathologies that do not accept receptionelecampane root. Healing properties are known, but the contraindications are:

  • • Pregnancy and breastfeeding
  • • Children's age up to 2 years
  • • Acute renal failure
  • • Diseases of the heart and blood vessels
  • • Special intolerance.

If there are no contraindications, then it can be used in treatment elecampane root. Medicinal properties and contraindications it is known, and now a little about how to properly prepare the herb to cure this or that pathology.

Medicinal decoction recipes

There are a large number of decoctions, each designed to treat its own type of disease, only the right composition can quickly and effectively get rid of the disease. Elecampane root, which helps?

  • • Collection for the treatment of the respiratory tract. In equal parts, take the root of elecampane, licorice and marshmallow. Mix everything well and select 2 tablespoons, pour 250 ml of hot water and boil in a bath for 10 minutes. Take 1/3 cup three times a day.
  • • Colds. In this case, tea with elecampane and tar helps very well. You need to take 1 tbsp. each of the herbs and brew in 1 liter of boiling water, drink? glasses several times a day.
  • • In case of an epidemic. If an epidemic of infectious diseases has begun, then in this case you need to cut the root into small pieces and dissolve it during the day.
  • • Mixture for constipation. Pour 10 g of chopped root with a glass of boiling water, leave for about 6 hours and drink overnight.

There are a huge number of recipes, each has proven its effectiveness. In addition, it helps elecampane with a delay in menstruation, reviews women who have experienced its effect on themselves confirmation of this.

Elecampane to help a woman

Very often, the fair sex is faced with the problem of delayed menstruation. They may not exist for several reasons:

  • 1. Stress
  • 2. Disease
  • 3. Pregnancy
  • 4. Hormonal disruption
  • 5. Change in body weight
  • 6. Malfunctions of the urinary tract.

To determine exactly what is the reason for the absence of a menstrual cycle, you need to visit a gynecologist, but women do not really like to go to him, so they often try to solve this problem on their own. Elecampane with menstruation, in their absence, it helps well, but only in cases where the delay is only a few days. But if the problem is already long-standing, then the herb will not help, an examination is needed here, which will help to identify the cause of the malfunction in the body.

Other forms of elecampane

Not only in folk medicine, but also in traditional medicine, they are often used in the treatment of elecampane. Today, 3 types are used:

  • 1. Tablets. Alanton tablets have been used for a long time in the treatment of serious stomach pathologies. It is prescribed for peptic ulcer disease, gastritis in elderly patients. This drug has no side effects, but the course of treatment is at least 30 days.
  • 2. Essential oil. Elecampane oil has also earned a huge number of positive reviews, because it can stand on a par with some antibiotics. It acts as an antiseptic, it is thanks to this property that it treats inflammatory processes in the stomach and indigestion. And in cosmetology, it is added to creams that rejuvenate aging skin.
  • 3. Shredded roots. As for the crushed elecampane root, useful properties and contraindications it is described above, then its reception is recommended by many doctors if traditional medicines cannot cope.

But, despite the fact that the elecampane plant has excellent characteristics, it should not be used without consulting a doctor, so as not to cause irreparable harm to health. After all, there have been cases when an incorrectly selected dose had a detrimental effect. Medicinal herbs can not only bring relief from a serious illness, but also aggravate the course of the disease, so there is no need to take risks and self-medicate.


Motherwort properties: harm and benefit

The medicinal properties of motherwort

Motherwort herb contains flavonoids (quercetin, rutin, quinqueloside and others), alkaloids, saponins, essential oil, tannins, organic acids (malic, vanillic, citric, tartaric, ursolic), vitamins A, C and E, potassium, calcium , sulfur and sodium.

The fact that motherwort herb has medicinal properties became known for a long time. Doctors and pharmacists who lived in the Middle Ages used this plant very widely in their practice, but gradually they forgot about it. It was only at the end of the 19th century that they remembered about it, while in the thirties of the 20th century, scientists proved that the sedative effect of medicinal valerian preparations is 1.5 lower than those made on the basis of motherwort. This plant helps to strengthen the myocardium, stabilize the heart rate, as well as increase myocardial contraction in tachycardia, myocarditis, cardiosclerosis, coronary heart disease, angina pectoris and heart failure of 1-3 degrees. This herb lowers cholesterol levels, helps lower blood pressure in hypertension, reduces the amount of glucose and lactic acid in the blood, and it also has an antispasmodic and anticonvulsant effect.

Motherwort is also quite often used in the treatment of diseases of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, for example: with gastritis, flatulence, catarrh of the large intestine, spasms, colitis, neuroses, etc. This herb also has an expectorant and anti-inflammatory effect, and its sedative effect on the body it is used during the treatment of insomnia, psychasthenia, hysteria, thyrotoxicosis and vegetative-vascular dystonia.

Motherwort is also used in gynecology for uterine bleeding, painful and unstable regulation, and for climacteric syndrome. This herb is also used in the treatment of epilepsy, chronic cough and Graves' disease, and its seeds are prescribed for glaucoma. Motherwort is contained in such pharmaceutical preparations as: motherwort tincture, sedative collection No. 2, Phytosedan, motherwort herb, Motherwort forte Evalar tablets (with vitamin B6 and sodium carbonate), Motherwort forte, Motherwort P, motherwort extract in tablets.


Watch the video: 15 Medicinal Herbs and Their Uses for This Fall. Herb Garden Tour


Previous Article

Information About Titberry

Next Article

Huernia guttata subsp. calitzdorpensis