Houseplants Published: September 14, 2012 Reprinted: Last edits:
Perhaps my flower transplant system will seem strange and illogical to you, but, as for me, it gives good results, so I will tell you about it.
Every summer I take out some of my flowers to the garden, to the fresh air, and by the end of the season some of them “run wild” in nature: balsams shed their leaves, and on young shoots a spider mite dominates here and there, hibiscus stalks stretch out after flowering, and it becomes like a long vine. Roses also lose some of the leaves, exchanging them for a decent amount of aphids from the garden soil, into which I transplant them for the summer. Spathiphyllum and anthurium, which I do not dare to carry out in the garden for the summer, after the stuffiness transferred in the apartment, look exhausted.
Heat has the same adverse effect on plants as cold, therefore, in order to neutralize the negative effects of too high or too low temperatures, I began to transplant some of my flowers twice a year - in spring and autumn, despite the fact that most of the flower growers believe that that it is enough to transplant once a year, since the flowers from transplanting in the fall can get sick or die. Everyone has to decide this question independently: which plants, when and how many times a year to transplant.
Spring is a time of renewal, including for indoor plants. Many of them depleted the soil in which they grew during the winter. Some, with the beginning of spring, not only did not release new shoots, but also began to lose old leaves. If you see that the plant did not come to life in spring, but, on the contrary, froze and does not grow, transplant it.
Transplanting in the spring has an encouraging effect on most plants, so in late February or early March, you can devote one or two days to transplanting plants that need it.
In spring, almost all plants can be replanted, especially those that bloom in spring or summer.
At the end of summer, some flowers also need to be updated. A transplant is needed for those of them that have grown very much over the summer. For example, I plant balsams in small pots, then they bloom faster and bloom longer, but by autumn their fast-growing root system fills the entire pot. Therefore, I transplant them in the fall again. Or, to be precise, I am overloading, since I do not clean the roots from the remnants of the old soil during the autumn transplant.
The roses planted in the garden for the summer in the fall, I again move to a pot with fresh soil.
Some flowers, which are in the fresh air all summer, sometimes pick up an infection, and in order not to bring it into the house and not infect other flowers, I renew the plant with a transplant, cutting off all damaged areas in the process and treating the plant with medications.
Of course, not all plants are easily transplanted twice a year, but fast-growing tradescantia, asparagus, chlorophytum can be transplanted as many times as you like at any time of the year.
The diagnosis "urgently needs a transplant" is made to plants in several more cases, and then this procedure has to be carried out, regardless of the season. For example, if the roots have filled the entire pot and protruded onto the surface of an earthen coma or protrude from the drainage hole, do not wait for spring, transplant the flower, otherwise it will not have enough strength to winter. In order for the plant to endure this procedure as easily as possible, use the transshipment method.
In addition to this case, it is worth transplanting a flower:
There are plants that are not even transplanted every year. For example, palms, chefs, cacti, adult orchids should not be disturbed as often. You can change their place of residence no more often than once every two years.
Prepare a new flower pot. It should be only 2-3 cm larger in diameter than the previous one. Test: The old pot should fit easily into the new one.
Before removing the plant from the pot, water it well, then it will be easier to separate the earthen lump from the walls of the flowerpot.
For the transplant procedure, you will need a new earthen mixture corresponding to the genus of the plant, drainage (best of all, expanded clay). Fill the volume of the pot with drainage by one third, then fill the soil with a layer of 2-3 cm. Turning the flower over, carefully remove it from the pot, clean the roots from the old earth, if you intend not to transfer, but to transplant the plant. Place the roots as carefully as possible in a new pot and cover them with fresh soil.
Place the flower in the center of the pot and, holding it with one hand, sprinkle the earth with the other. To compact the soil, I tap the pot on the table and gently press the soil with my fingers. Then I water the plant and forget about it for a while, giving it a chance to recover from the stress.
If for some reason you do not want to replant the plant, you can simply partially renew the soil in the pot. For this, 2-5 cm of old soil is cut off and fresh soil rich in minerals and microelements is poured in its place.
And the last ... After transplanting, the plant must be watered only with settled water. If it is young and weak, cover it with foil so that the plant is like in a greenhouse, and then the flower transplant will be extremely beneficial.
March is a hot month for flower growers. Most of the trouble is for summer residents who grow flowers on their plots. March is a great time to sow the seeds of perennial and annual flowering plants. For lovers of indoor plants, there are also many things to do - transplanting, transshipment and pruning of flowers continues. Below we will take a closer look at all the work, and also give the florist's lunar calendar for March 2021.
Do not forget about working with houseplants in March. In the first month of spring, there is more sun. This also affects indoor flowers. They come to life and begin to grow more intensively than they did in winter. Our houseplants in March need special care more than ever. They need to be watered and fed more, and leaf treatments need to be done with special stimulants.
* When compiling the calendar, a magazine of 1000 tips for summer residents was used. You will find other sources of information at the end of the article.
Spring is the best time to transplant indoor plants. Gradually, but already noticeably, the day is increasing, and the sun is no longer just shining, but hot. Indoor plants gradually come out of dormancy and prepare for the growing season.
Some flowers need replanting annually - these are young or fast-growing plants. Young plants need new, not depleted land and a more spacious capacity for growth. The same applies to fast-growing specimens, which manage to "outgrow" the pot in a year, and the roots, breaking through the drainage holes, form a ring under the bottom of the pot.
Adult indoor plants that have already peaked and stunted do not need an annual transplant. If such a flower looks good and blooms regularly, and its roots do not knock out of the pot, in spring it is enough to replace the top layer of earth for it. To do this, use a spoon or a special spatula to remove the soil and add new soil.
These plants include indoor palms. They need regular transplants only in the first years, rather even transshipments, since the roots of the palm tree react very painfully to intervention. As soon as the palm tree has received its maximum pot-tub, it can be transplanted further once every 6-8 years, subject to regular feeding and renewal of the top layer of the earth.
Many types of cacti do not need a spring transplant. It is better to handle these plants without destroying the earthen coma and it is advisable to do this closer to winter.
No need to replant plants during flowering. Many flowering ones even react to a change of position - they shed buds and flowers, and transplanting for them is a real stress. Therefore, it is better to wait until the end of flowering - then you can already transplant and cut off all unnecessary.
Some indoor plants react extremely negatively to a simple transplant and may even die because of it. They must be transplanted using the transshipment method. It is also ideal for fast growing indoor plants. Experts recommend that the transplanting method be used for such indoor crops as: nolina, palm, yucca, fatsia, cicas, cypress, dracaena, maidenhair, etc.
Those who are developing a transplant calendar have tried to create a competent scheme for organizing the care of indoor crops at home. And clarification of successful and no periods will give an opportunity to navigate the timing of implementation and planning of events, taking into account the phases of the moon. There are different transplant dates for a specific month.
|Month||Auspicious days||Bad days|
|January||5-9, 16, 17, 21-23, 25-27||7-24|
|February||3, 8, 13-17, 21, 22, 27||1, 2, 5, 6, 9, 10, 23, 26|
|September||1-7, 20-30||10-14, 16-19|
|November||14-16, 26-28||2-7, 18-20|
|December||1-2, 11-13, 19-20, 24-24||3, 15-17|
January for many home flowers is considered a time of rest, so a transplant cannot be carried out. However, if there is a need to take measures, then this should be done only on the permitted dates, which are indicated in the lunar calendar of 2021. In February, flower connoisseurs prepare homemade specimens for the new season. Then the indoor flowers wake up, and the transplant will go well.
The beginning of the spring period is marked by the active development of plant crops and they can be safely planted, focusing on the timing of transplanting indoor flowers in March according to the lunar calendar. There are also auspicious days in April. In mid-spring, many crops enter the color phase, so decorative flowers can be planted only as needed. In May, it is customary to sow seeds and plant plants. At this time, some cultures begin to be taken out into the street.
In June, decorative attacks are threatened by parasites and in a situation of defeat, the required measures must be taken. In July, crops should not be touched, taking into account the hot weather, but if necessary, then it is correct to carry out manipulations only at permitted dates. Planting home flowers in August 2021 is not recommended, but if there is no way out, then they are planted in the largest pot in the second half. At the beginning of the month, a transplant is not possible.
In September, you can begin to prepare home crops for a dormant period - bring it into the house, reduce the amount of watering and dressing. In October, transplanting is allowed, but you need to check with the lunar calendar. November is not ideal for disturbing home plantings - during this period they are preparing for rest and touching them once again is wrong, harmful.
In December, domestic cultures sleep and are disturbed only in a situation of emergency. The lunar calendar names favorable dates for an emergency transplant. On other days, you cannot touch.
Many flower lovers have already realized how useful lunar calendars are and observe suitable dates when planting and transplanting plants. They noted that following the guidelines helps indoor flowers grow their roots faster and begin to develop. If you do not break the rules, then the plants will bloom more magnificently and longer.
Agree, flowers in the house are a joy for the soul, a kind of small oasis, looking at which we give rest to our nerves and our eyes tired of the computer and TV.
Moreover, most flowers do not require our constant attention, most often they only have to be watered, and all other "operations" are carried out from time to time - feeding, spraying, transplanting.
And today we will master the most important operation, we will learn how to properly transplant indoor flowers that have long taken root in our home, and flowers purchased in the store.
So, based on our requests, we chose the flower, and, satisfied with the purchase, brought it home. Now it is imperative to follow all the rules for transplanting, otherwise after a while you will have to carry out a funeral ceremony to take out the dried "body". Or, at best, the flower will hurt for a long time, get used to it, but it will never become as beautiful as it was at first.
Transplanting purchased flowers has its own nuances, during which housewives often make the same mistakes. If you are going to transplant a pet that has already settled down with you, then points 3-5 will come in handy.
This is not worth doing, because if your "newbie" is infected with pests, it will harm his neighbors. Therefore, after the purchase, we send the plant to "quarantine", during which time it, at the same time, will be able to "get used" to the house. Usually "flower quarantine" lasts 1-2 weeks, during which the flower is acclimatized, and we do not bother it, do not fertilize or transplant it.
During this time, we observe the plant and if pests and pathogens have not appeared on it, then we can safely place it in our collection. If it does appear, then we “identify” the pest and neutralize it by treating it with special preparations.
The fact is that the transportation of natural soil in open containers (which are flower pots) across the border is prohibited. Therefore, manufacturers replace the nutrient soil with an inert mixture during transportation.
The inert mixture is a combination of coconut flakes, perlite (a natural form of volcanic glass) and long-lasting concentrated fertilizers. Plants can live and develop in such a mixture only for a limited period of time. And if you do not get rid of the root system of plants, they will die.
Alternatively, plants in stores can be kept in peat, which is also detrimental to them at home.
Several times when transplanting, right in the main pot with soil, on the roots of flowers, I found special bags or small pots. If they are not removed, the plant will simply stop growing and developing. Therefore, transplanting flowers in pots is vital.
Now on sale there are primers for different types of plants.But, based on my experience, I will say that they are still not ideal for transplanting your green pets. And almost always, the composition of the soil has to be adjusted.
- too dense, then we add additives to it that will loosen it, allowing the roots of the plant to breathe. You can add coarse sand (river, lake), or perlite, which we talked about above, in this case performing the functions of sand. Or long-fiber peat (in which imported plants grow in stores).
If the soil, on the contrary, is too peaty, it is necessary to compact it by adding to it a denser and more nutritious type of sod land.
That is, the flower is transplanted into a home pot along with part of the soil from the purchased pot in which it grew. This technique is not suitable for purchased flowers.
In the transplantation of imported plants, technology plays the most important role, with it, first of all, we must clean the root system of the plant from the "substrate" in which it was from the moment it left the foreign greenhouse until the moment it arrived at your home.
We take the plant out of the shipping pot and put its roots in a container with warm tap water so that they are soaked. While the flower is soaking, we put drainage on the bottom of the pot and pour nutritious soil.
When the main part of the substrate “falls off” from the roots of plants, we carefully take it out, holding it by the base of the trunk, and transfer it under running water. Under running water, we completely wash out the residues of the substrate from the roots. After that, it is recommended to spray the root system with a preparation like "Kornevin", but to be honest, I have never done that.
Gently lower the plant onto the prepared soil and sprinkle the roots completely on top. Then pour abundantly with warm, settled water.
The only exception is that we do not wash off the soil from the roots, but just shake off the plant, together with the remnants of the “native” earth, into the prepared pot, fill the root system with prepared soil and water it with settled water. That's it, our flower is absolutely happy, but it is still weak, so we protect the transplanted flower from cooling, drafts and waterlogging.
After such a "cruel" transplant, many housewives want to help their pet to recover and settle down in new conditions, for which they begin to add various feedings. But in no case should this be done. It will be possible to start feeding the transplanted plant no earlier than a month and a half and only after it, moreover, shows the first signs of normal rooting - new leaves, sprouts, shoots will appear.
This rule also applies to indoor flowers.
The transplant method I described may seem too traumatic. But do not be afraid, in fact, it turns out to be much more humane for the plant, since the pet will not suffer in a substrate unusual for its habitat.
I applied this method of transplanting to all the plants purchased in the store, and all of them tolerated it safely, continuing to grow and delight with their beauty. The only "missing" plant I had was myrtle, but it disappeared due to improper care of it, the intricacies of which at that time I did not know, only this is a completely different story.
I hope that my experience in transplanting green pets will be useful to you, and if I missed anything in the article, I will be glad to receive your tips.
And finally, I would like to say that green helpers bring us not only mental pleasure, they help us to heal the body by purifying the air. Some of them absorb carbon dioxide, others - dust, and still others are capable of killing bacteria. A small tip of what to choose in this useful variety.
- sansiviera, which is popularly called "pike tail", chlorophytum, coffee tree.
These properties are possessed by conifers: spruce, pine, juniper, cypress. In the house, of course, they can only be in the form of a small coniferous tree - bonsai. I have never come across coniferous bonsai in flower shops, and even searching for them on the Internet has not yet returned any results. Although I would buy such a bonsai with great pleasure.
- chlorophytum, asparagus, monstera, myrtle and eucalyptus.
- rosemary, lemon balm, and the well-known geranium.
- ivy, ficus, philodendron, dracaena and aloe.
They say that this plant can relieve not only fatigue, but also hangover syndrome. To do this, it is enough to spend half an hour in the same room with this "green doctor". The advice was not checked, since we do not drink so much - with
All of the above advantages sound very convincing, in order for you to want to buy a green handsome man for your home, especially since now you know how to properly transplant both indoor flowers and flowers bought in a store.
1. Do I need to replant the plant immediately after purchase?
As a rule, yes - a plant purchased from a store must be transplanted into new soil and a larger pot.
Plants can be transplanted at any time of the year. But there are exceptions.
How do you know if a plant is young?
Turn the pot over, try to push the ground through the technical hole with a pencil. If it gently enters the ground, then the root system has not yet filled the volume of the pot. The plant was planted recently and it needs some time to build up the root mass (a month or two). Don't worry, the ground is fresh enough to support the development of your plant.
2. How to determine if you need a transplant « old » houseplant? And when is it better to hold it?
The best time to transplant is spring. Plants are usually replanted once a year or (if the plant is large) once every two to three years.
Urgent transplantation of indoor plants is carried out regardless of the season and is required in the following cases:
How to proceed
Transfer the overgrown plants to a new, larger pot with fresh soil. Use the “transshipment” method.
Plant plants showing signs of disease or parasites in a new larger pot with fresh soil. Use the "transplant" method. That is, thoroughly clean the roots from possible lesions and old soil, and then treat with special agents against diseases or parasites.
What not to do
Advice: Do not plant the plant too deep in the ground when planting. Make sure that the landing ground level remains at the same level.
When transplanting indoor flowers, use a growth stimulator (Kornevin / heteroauxin / Tsirkon) for plant roots, and an anti-stress bioregulator (Epin) for the crown. It is necessary to dilute these drugs strictly according to the instructions. Re-process once, after a month.
3. Is it worth watering indoor flowers after transplant?
Yes, the plants need to be watered (shed until the soil is completely wet).
How to proceed
Gently brush off the planting soil from the leaves with a soft brush and spill the soil near the plant. If the roots are bare or the soil has subsided, add it. Drain excess water from the pan of the pot.
If water gets on the leaves or into the outlet of the plant during watering, gently blot the excess water.
Exception: cacti and succulents are not watered after transplanting. The first watering in a week.
What not to do
4. What to do with the plant after transplanting?
Leave alone. A transplanted plant takes time to cope with stress and adapt to new conditions.
How to proceed
Move the plant carefully to an area out of direct sunlight, draft, and sufficient light. After a week, inspect it: if it "fell to the side" a little, correct it with gentle pressure on the ground from the opposite side of the blockage.
After the second watering, the plant can be rearranged to a flower garden or to a chosen location.
Advice: In the autumn-winter period, be sure to use phytolamps. The lack of lighting has a very strong effect on the appearance of indoor flowers in pots: they become pale and stretch.
What not to do
5. Pot or planter? Where do flowers grow better?
There is no rule. Since the planter and the pot have different purposes. A cache-pot is an interior detail, its main function is decorative. As a rule, a pot with a planted plant is inserted into it. The planter does not have a hole at the bottom and it serves to collect excess water and protect furniture from leaks. After watering the plants, the excess moisture from the pots must be poured out.
As for the pot, its main function is technical. And if we talk about planting and caring for a plant, then the pot is needed for the growing process.
Choose a pot 3–5 cm in diameter larger than the one in which the flower is already growing. Manufacturers usually indicate the diameter of the pot on the back of the bottom.
It is better to choose a ceramic pot (ordinary terracotta without glaze inside): it is convenient for growing and transplanting indoor flowers, since there are always different sizes on sale. Yes, and the pot looks much prettier with a pallet.
In the photo: if you show your imagination, then ordinary terracotta pots can be turned into author's