Greenhouses and hotbeds from the Greenhouse Choice company

- Shop Teplichny Vybor, St. Petersburg, Mitrofanevskoe shosse, 6A, letter D
from. m. "Baltic"

+7 (812) 245-15-45

- Shop Teplichny Vybor, St. Petersburg, Murino settlement, Privokzalnaya square, 3
from. "Murino"

+7 (812) 245-15-45

Choose a greenhouse:

Greenhouse catalog

Choose a greenhouse:

Greenhouse catalog

The addresses of our partner stores are at the bottom of the page

Greenhouse Choice company was founded in 1998 and is the largest producer of greenhouses and greenhouses in St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region.

We manufacture greenhouses, hotbeds, carports, showers, gazebos and garden furniture. We offer a wide range of covering materials: polycarbonate, film and spunbond at the best prices.

For 20 years of work in the market of St. Petersburg and the region, we have produced and installed thousands of greenhouses. And we can proudly say that we know everything about greenhouses!

Make a purchase from us because it is:

• PROFITABLE due to your own production You buy greenhouses directly, without overpayments and intermediaries.

• RELIABLE Our many years of experience guarantee you a safe purchase! We value our reputation and strive to ensure that every customer gets the most out of their purchase. We have many regular customers who have become our friends.

• WE GIVE A GUARANTEE for all products of our store and installation work. For the production of products, we buy only high-quality pipes with a wall thickness of at least 1.2 mm. Unconditional guarantee against collapse on greenhouses of the Fazenda, Usadba and Vesna series - 3 years.

• WIDE CHOICE We offer more than 500 options for greenhouses and greenhouses. Among them are models made of painted and galvanized metal, arched and domed, with a width of 1.6 to 3.5 meters. We use pipes of different cross-sections and make models with different distances between the arcs. With us, you can definitely choose a high-quality greenhouse according to your taste.

• FREE DELIVERY Thanks to our own vehicle fleet, we deliver greenhouses, greenhouses, sheds, gazebos and shower cabins for FREE within 150 km from the Ring Road, as well as to many remote cities of the Leningrad Region (Tikhvin, Kingisepp, Boksitogorsk, Vyborg, Luga).

• PROFESSIONAL ASSEMBLY We are pleased to offer professional assembly by our specialists. They have high professional skills, many years of experience with the manufactured structures and do their job conscientiously.

• MANUFACTURER of USADBA greenhouses We are the official and only manufacturer of Usadba greenhouses. Greenhouses of this series have a frame made of a solid pipe with a section of 30x30 mm and withstand a load of 350 kg / m2, which corresponds to a 1.5-meter thickness of fresh snow.

• ANY METHOD OF PAYMENT We accept payment in cash, by credit card or by transfer to the company's details. You can pay for your purchase at the time of order delivery.

• ONLINE It is easy to make an order without leaving your home! You can choose a greenhouse yourself and place an order on our website, or call us and get comprehensive advice. Our experts are always happy to help you!

• BONUS PROGRAM After the first purchase, we give you a bonus card "My Greenhouse Wallet"! She gives you an additional 3% discount on future purchases and the ability to accumulate bonuses simply by recommending us to friends and neighbors.

• EXHIBITION One of the largest exhibitions of greenhouses and greenhouses in St. Petersburg in our store-warehouse on Mitrofanevskoe highway 6A, a 10-minute walk from the Baltiyskaya metro station. Come and see for yourself!

• INTEREST-FREE INSTALLMENTS We provide interest-free installments for greenhouses for a period of 2 to 6 months, with an initial payment of 10%!

• DELIVERY ACROSS ALL RUSSIA For residents of other regions, we organize the delivery of our products through transport companies;

• FREE STORAGE OF GREENHOUSES Purchasing in the off-season is especially beneficial. It makes it possible to choose the optimal model without haste and at the same time save well. We store purchased greenhouses and greenhouses free of charge in our covered warehouse until the start of the season.

Where can I buy greenhouses produced by "Greenhouse Choice"

Company store
SPb, Mitrofanevskoe shosse, 6A, letter D
Phone: +7 (812) 245-15-45
Working hours:
Monday - Saturday: 10.00 - 19.00
Sunday: 10.00 - 18.00

Company store
Linen. region., Vsevolozhsky district, pos. Murino, Railway Station Square, on the territory of the Garden Center
phone: +7 (812) 245-15-45
Working hours:
Monday - Saturday: 9.00 - 18.00
Sunday: 9.00 - 17.00

Shop "Gardener"
St. Petersburg, ave. Narodnogo Opolcheniya, house number 62 B (shop "Gardener")
Phone: +7 (904) 556-71-57, +7 (911) 134-05-76
Working hours:
Monday - Sunday: 9.00 - 20.00 no lunch

Shop "To the dacha-78" near the metro station Kupchino
St. Petersburg, Balkanskaya square, house number 5, shopping center "Domostroy", section number 10P
Phone: +7 (911) 273-01-92
Working hours:
Monday - Friday: 11.00 - 19.00
Saturday - Sunday: 11.00 - 18.00

Store "U Sanych"
Linen. region, Vyborgsky district, Svetogorsk, street Garkavogo, house number 2
Phone .: 8 (81378) 40538
Working hours: Monday-Sunday: 8.00 - 20.00

Store "U Sanych"
Linen. region, Vyborgsky district, Kamennogorsk, Berezovaya Alley st., house number 4
Phone .: 8-952-231-33-65
Working hours: from 9.00 - 20.00

Store "U Sanych"
Linen. region, Vyborgsky district, settlement Lesogorsky, Leningradskoe highway, house number 20. Construction base on "Pyatisotka"
Phone .: 8-952-288-40-00
Working hours: Monday-Sunday: 8.00 - 20.00

Partner store
Chudovo, Novgorod region, Derzhavin str., house number 16
Phone: +7 (81665) 45-617

Partner store
Chudovo, Novgorod region, Parainenskaya st., house number 8
Phone: +7 (81665) 44-491

Partner shop "K-Spectr" LLC
Kostomuksha, st. Antikainen, 3
Phone: +7 (921) 017-96-15

Partner shop "K-Spectr" LLC
Town of Builders, 1/3
Phone: +7 (921) 017-96-15

Partner store
Petrozavodsk, st. Popova, 7. Central Construction Base of Karelia (CSK). OOO "Glavremont"
Phone: +7 (8142) 798-008

Partner store
Pskov, Leon Pozemsky, 92
Phone: (8112) 79-36-87, +7 (8112) 70-03-41

Trade complex "World of building materials on Almaznaya"
Shop Good doors Pavilion 2, section No. 26
Phone .: +7 (8112) 79-36-87

Shop Building materials pavilion 21, section number 66
Phone .: +7 (8112) 70-03-41
Working hours:
Monday - Friday: 9.00 - 18.00
Saturday: 9.30 am - 4.00 pm
Sunday: 10.00 - 16.00

Partner store MC "Severik"
Address: Pskov, Logozovskaya volost, village Severik, 10 km from the city of Pskov in the direction of Pechki
Phone: +7 (8112) 700-625
Working hours:
Monday - Friday: from 10.00 to 20.00
Saturday: 10.00 - 18.00
Sunday: 10.00 - 17.00

Partner store
Pskov region., Porkhov, st. Starorusskaya, 37, Stroybaza "Starorusskaya"
Phone: +7 (953) 254-12-70
Working hours:
Monday-Friday from 9 am - 6 pm
Saturday, Sunday 9 am - 4 pm

Mini sugar factory for the production of sugar from beets

The food industry is an area characterized by a high degree of resistance to any market fluctuations. This is due to the fact that the demand for food never falls. Today, one of the most profitable types of entrepreneurial activity is the production of sugar. As a rule, there are a lot of people who want to establish a mini sugar factory, but initially it is necessary to conduct a detailed market analysis, get acquainted with the production process, and also calculate an approximate business plan and production cost.

Packing sugar in bags at a mini factory

Market analysis

The fundamental advantage of the sugar business is that the sale of the final product is not subject to seasonal fluctuations. The direct production process increases its volume every year. Nevertheless, the market is still far from full saturation, as the level of consumption is also growing at a rapid pace.

Today, the United States occupies a leading role in the world practice in the production of sugar from beets. Russia, on the other hand, takes an honorable second place. This fact indicates that there are still good conditions in the country for the further development of such entrepreneurial activity.

Analysis of the Russian sugar market

The main stages of production

A mini-sugar plant includes a process based on the following stages and stages:

  • Extraction. Washing and cleaning of beets from impurities, weighing and subsequent cutting. After that, the shavings are loaded into a diffuser, in which the sugar is extracted from the plant mass. Further, diffusion juice and pulp are extracted. Scheme of sugar production
  • Purification stage. In a saturator, the juice is mixed with milk of lime. In this mixture, impurities settle, which pass the carbon dioxide directly through the heated solution. Thus, filtration is ensured, and upon completion the juice is completely purified.
  • Evaporation stage. Evaporation provides a change in the chemical composition of the juice. At the end of the process, the syrup must be treated with sulfur dioxide and filtered on mechanical filters. It turns out a syrup, the sugar content of which is about 65%.
  • Crystallization. With the help of a vacuum apparatus, the crystallization process is carried out under conditions of a temperature regime of about 75 0 C. After 3 hours, the massecuite of the first crystallization is obtained. This product is put into a mixer and then into a massecuite distributor and centrifuge. Crystalline sugar remaining in the centrifuge is specially steamed and bleached. As a result, the final product is obtained - crystalline sugar.

Sugar production

Types of production equipment

There is a number of special equipment that is used in the preparation of raw materials for the technological stage, namely:

  • beet lifter
  • hydraulic carrier
  • sand, leaf and stone traps
  • water separator
  • equipment for washing raw materials.
Scheme of feeding beets to the plant and cleaning it from impurities

Also, this production line can be assembled by hand.

Note that the main crystal sugar processing line consists of:

  • conveyor with magnetic separator
  • technical scales and beet cutters
  • diffusion device
  • screw press, special dryers for pulp.
Sugar processing scheme

The following set of equipment includes:

  • defecation units
  • saturators and sulfitators
  • sedimentation tanks
  • heated filters.

If it is necessary to automate the production process as much as possible, vibrating containers, vibrating screens, as well as drying and cooling installations are used. The energy-intensive equipment includes: centrifuges, a special evaporator with concentrate, and vacuum apparatus.

Evaporator use diagram

Raw materials for making sugar

In the vastness of our country, sugar production is carried out exclusively from sugar beets. Nevertheless, this type of raw material is beginning to be supplanted by alternative proposals. Therefore, in addition to beets, which are grown in Germany, the USA and France, the following types of raw materials are used:

  • Sorghum stalks. This product comes directly from China. Sugar, which is obtained as a result of the use of these raw materials, does not differ from the products familiar to all consumers. Sargo stalks are used to make sugar
  • Starchy rice (made in Japan). This raw material is used to make malt sugar. Starchy rice is often used to make sugar.
  • Palm juice sourced from Southeast Asia and used in sugar
  • Sugarcane, supplied by Cuba and Brazil. Cane sugar is used as a raw material

Financial calculations

As a rule, aspiring entrepreneurs have two ways of organizing a personal business:

  • Establishment of a new plant. In order to organize the production of sugar, it is necessary to invest not only a lot of money, but also time. Thus, the opening of a new plant and the purchase of a line for processing beets into crystalline sugar will have the following prices: Assessment of financial results for sugar production
    • line with a production capacity of 10 tons per day - up to 20 thousand dollars.
    • line with a production capacity of 15 tons per day - up to 100 thous. USD
    • line with a production capacity of 50 tons per day - up to 200 thousand dollars.
  • Purchase of a going concern. At the time of purchase of the plant, the date of its commissioning should be specified. Provided that the enterprise has been operating for a long time, its equipment may be completely unusable. The price of an old enterprise can vary from $ 2 million, and a plant launched after the 2000s - $ 5 million. and higher. Demand for sugar exports in Russia

In addition, it is necessary to take into account not only the initial investment size, profit from the main activity, but also the profitability from the sale of production waste: pulp and molasses.

Organization of sugar production

As a rule, the best option for organizing a business is to focus on the production of products in small volumes (for example, to one urban region). At the same time, everyone, a beet-to-sugar plant can become the most profitable business niche.

The correct approach to organizing a mini sugar factory

The production process is almost completely automated, of course, without taking into account the harvest and further processing of raw materials. Consequently, the issue regarding the recruitment of staff is not considered to be the main one. In this case, there are more important tasks, on the solution of which the quality of the production process and products, as an end result, directly depends.

For example, the purchased equipment must meet the indicators of stability, duration of the operational process and a high level of production capacity. In addition, it is important to remember that in the process of planning a sugar business, it is necessary to take into account not only the investment and income part, but also the profit from the sale of waste that will be generated during the processing of beets.

So, sugar production is a fairly profitable and highly profitable business. Subject to the correct organization of the activities and functionality of the plant, the development of a competent marketing policy, as well as the establishment of democratic prices for products, the sugar business will develop as rapidly as possible.

Video: Sugar production from sugar beet "frameborder =" 0 ″ allowfullscreen = "allowfullscreen" />

Worship. Steep route - Evgeniya Ginzburg Ginzburg Evgeniya Solomonovna. "Steep Route" - a document of the era

  • hardly Unless you have makhorka How to plant fragrant tobacco? - MegaOgorodcom megaogorodcom / atricle / 1240-kak-sazhat-tabak-dushistyy Cached Tobacco can be grown by ourselves
  • avid gardeners in vegetable gardens Smoking tobacco: growing by seeds in the open field floristicsinfo / en / stati / sadovodstvo / 3904 Cached Caring for tobacco in the beds How to grow smoking tobacco Growing smoking tobacco is a simple process
  • in the end of April

how to plant smoking tobacco for seedlings - Google Search Special links Skip to main content Accessibility help Leave accessibility feedback Click here if you are not redirected within seconds Sign in Delete Complain about inappropriate suggestions Search modes All Videos Images News Maps More Shopping Books Flights Finance Settings Search Settings Languages ​​Enable Safe Search Advanced Search Your data in Search History Search Help Tools Results: about 16,500 (0.40 sec) Looking for results in English? Change to English Leave Russian Change language Search results All results Growing smoking tobacco - Botanichkaru ›Garden and vegetable garden Saved copy 15 March 2015 - Tobacco propagate by seeds, growing seedlings from them, which then You can sow not dry seeds, but hatched seeds In this How correctly sow smoking tobacco seeds for seedlings pom Complaint sent Complain about pictures Thank you for your comments Complain about another image Complain about the content of the picture Cancel Complain Together with how to sow smoking tobacco for seedlings, they often look for what month to sow tobacco when to plant tobacco for seedlings 2018 tobacco growing law when sow tobacco for seedlings in 2019 tobacco seeds when to plant tobacco for seedlings 2019 growing tobacco in a greenhouse when to plant tobacco for seedlings Page Navigation 1 2 3 4 5 Next Footer Links Russia - More ... Help Send Feedback Privacy Terms Account Search Maps YouTube Play News Mail K Contacts Drive Calendar Google+ Translator Photos Shopping More Documents Blogger Hangouts Google Keep Jamboard Collections Other Google Services

These are amaranth, marigolds, verbena, gelichrisum, gomphrene, kochia, lobelia, nasturtium, petunia, salvia, scabiosa, statice, tobacco, phlox, cellosia, zinnia, etc. What to sow? Description of the system: products and services, prices. Daily monitoring of legislation and news feed of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. Legislation - laws and codes of the Russian Federation. Full texts of documents in the latest edition. Analytical professional materials.News of the legislation of the Russian Federation. It is better to sow pepper and eggplant seeds in individual pots and grow them without picking. / Elena Shutova / From the personal archive. Why is the dish "Chicken tobacco" so called? National Research University Higher School of Economics. Principles of teaching, information on faculties and departments. Under the general editorship of S.S. Sulakshina G 72 State policy of Russia's withdrawal from the demographic crisis / Monograph. How are OKVED codes generated? The codes themselves consist of two to six characters, the exact number of which depends on the specific type of activity of the company. One is being undertaken. - Cleaning and re-drying of tobacco, see 12.00 Tobacco rarely gets sick, so processing is usually not required. You can sow seeds as early as April. How to grow tobacco? Growing seedlings of tobacco. Thrips carry viral diseases (tomato bronzing virus on tobacco). To prevent damage from a carrot fly, carrots should be sown at the optimal time, weed and thinned crops in a timely manner. 60-70 percent of success in the beds and in flower beds depends on the correct choice of seeds. In other words, the harvest and its quality are largely determined. It makes little sense to acquire and sow. - electronic library, fiction, science fiction, history and poetry, technical documentation and humor, translations, tourism, philosophy. Orthodox Encyclopedia "Alphabet of Faith". Creed, worship. Steep route - Evgeniya Ginzburg Ginzburg Evgeniya Solomonovna. The Steep Route is a document of an era whose horrors should no longer have a place in human history.

How to grow petunia seedlings

Sowing time depends on when you want to get flowering seedlings.

In the middle lane, seeds are usually sown in the second half of March, and then at the end of May - mid-June, depending on the cultivar group, the plants will bloom. Earlier flowering is also possible - for this, seeds should be sown in late January - early February.

A variety of soil mixtures are suitable for petunias, except for strongly acidic and alkaline ones. They should be nutritious, loose, retain moisture well, but at the same time allow excess water to pass through and not block. To get a standard mixture yourself, take 2 parts of well-rotted humus, sod or leafy soil, high-moor, well-decomposed peat and 1 part of sand. If the soil is acidic, add lime to it.

Mix all components thoroughly and sift first through a very coarse sieve, then through a finer one. Fill the bottom of the pot with the largest screenings (you can also pour a layer of crushed expanded clay on the bottom), and the top third with small ones. Fill a suitable container with damp soil, scatter seeds over the surface, and spray with water from a spray bottle.

It is better to cover the seeds from above with a layer of soil, but no more than 1–2 mm, otherwise you will have to look after them more carefully. Cover the container with glass or paper and keep at a temperature of 20-23 ° C.

After sowing seeds, for the first week, spray them 1-2 times a day with water with the addition of potassium permanganate (light pink). Then you can water less often, and the amount of water, if necessary, increase.

A week after the emergence of seedlings, you can start feeding. At first, it is better to do foliar - spray with water-soluble mineral fertilizers. If the seedlings do not develop well, you can spray them with growth stimulants (Epin-Extra, Zircon). However, you cannot get carried away with them - for the entire time of growing seedlings, they are used no more than 2-3 times.

When caring for seedlings, it is necessary to ensure that the humidity is not too high - otherwise the petunia seedlings may get sick. If this does happen, immediately stop spraying with water, water the boxes only along the walls, so that as little water as possible gets on the plants. Spray with solutions "Profita", "Ridomila Gold MC", "Ridomila MC" (at the rate of 2-2.5 g per liter of water).

Sprinkle the surface of the soil, especially in the foci of the disease, with fine dry sand or wood ash. And, if possible, plant seedlings.

When one or two true leaves appear, plant the seedlings one at a time in peat or plastic pots or seedling containers with 6–8 cm cells. The soil can be used the same as for sowing. Water the planted plants and cover for a couple of days with paper or non-woven covering material, such as lutrasil.

Petunia is planted in open ground in central Russia in the second half of May.

Austin Roses: interview with Michael Marriott

Rose expert and designer Michael Marriott has been working for more than a quarter of a century in the company of the famous English breeder David Austin. During this time, he created many private and public rose gardens. He knows everything about roses.

- Mr. Marriott, why not all varieties of Austin roses can be bought in Russia?

- David Austin has developed about 220 varieties, of which 160-170 are now on sale worldwide. We make our own list for each country: we choose roses that are resistant, grow and bloom without problems in a given climatic zone. In addition, we exclude old, not very healthy varieties from the assortment and instead offer new ones that are resistant to fungal diseases. In compiling the list for "cold" countries, we took into account the results of test gardens in the USA and Scandinavia. In Russia, we now also have such a platform, but only recently.

- How to find the right balance between the area of ​​the rose garden, the number of bushes and varieties of roses?

- It depends on the goals of the rose grower. If he wants a large collection, he will buy many varieties, all one at a time. If the emphasis is on design, then it makes sense to limit the number of varieties, otherwise the rose garden will look cluttered. And plant roses in groups of several pieces of the same variety - so they will produce a greater effect. Of course, the larger the size of the rose garden, the more specimens can be planted in one group.

- David Austin recommends planting groups of three roses 50 cm apart. But often the sizes of the bushes differ from those indicated in the catalog upwards. Will it be too crowded for them?

- This distance is not a dogma, but an approximate value. The goal of a group planting is to quickly create the effect of one large bush. And if you plant three bushes of a meter in diameter at a distance of 1 m from each other, you will not get this effect, but you will clearly see three bushes. The distance depends both on the variety and on the climatic zone in which the garden is located. Varieties with a voluminous crown must be planted at a greater distance, for example, for Wild edric it will be 75 cm. And between bushes with a narrow vertical crown, as Queen of sweeden, you can leave only 30 cm. In warm regions, the distance between the bushes in the group should also be increased.

- What is more important to pay attention to when combining roses: the color of the flowers, their shape or the silhouette of the bushes?

- Of course, color is most important. David Austin's roses are characterized by very soft, delicate shades, so almost any varieties go well with each other. With bright, flashy colors, this number will not work.

- What varieties can you recommend for solitary planting?

- Those that have a beautiful, "bushy" crown, that is, almost all of our varieties. Roses with an erect bush and a rather narrow crown, such as Queen of sweeden or Molineuxis the exception rather than the rule. They are not suitable for solitary planting.

- What flowers would you recommend as neighbors for roses?

- Almost everyone, but I especially like perennials with blue flowers as partners of roses. It is important to avoid plants that are too vigorous, or those that can aggressively self-seed. They will dry and deplete the soil around the roses. It's easier to say that I don't recommend: the cuff is soft and the geranium species are too invasive. I really like how Fassen's catnip looks with roses Six hills giant, but after the rain it falls apart, lies on the rose, and it looks sloppy. If we talk about clematis, then I prefer to plant varieties of purple clematis with small flowers with roses. They set off the rose, and do not compete with it, like large-flowered terry clematis. From biennials and annuals, I recommend foxgloves, mullein, cosmea, nigella, evening party.

- What can you say about competitors who work in the same "nostalgic" direction?

- The main goal of David Austin is to present truly beautiful roses to the world. And this means, with a beautiful color and shape of a flower, a silhouette of a bush, a good aroma, excellent health and very abundant and long flowering - all at once. It is very difficult to achieve outstanding results in all these parameters. That is why English roses are so popular all over the world. We selected the three varieties introduced this year from 215,000 seedlings, which took about ten years. Few people can afford such a breeding program. All roses grow in the field, the planting is very dense, they are not sprayed with anything.

- Who decides which varieties to present to the general public?

- Of course, David Austin Sr. He is now 88 years old, he has many assistants. But the last word always remains with him.

- Is it true that David Austin will soon introduce a shaded variety?

- Yes, there are several such seedlings in our breeding program. I think it will happen within three years.

- Is there a fashion in rose growing?

- Can such long-term changes in tastes be called fashion? In any case, the trends in rose growing are associated with garden design. Regular gardens were popular 60–70 years ago, in which hybrid tea roses fit well. Therefore, such varieties were at the peak of popularity in those years. Today people prefer informal gardens, they want natural looking roses.

- There are a number of scrubs among the Austin varieties that can be grown as climbing roses. For example, The Pilgrim or Tess of the d'Urbervilles. How to do it correctly?

- You need to try to save the shoots, and in the spring it is not too much to cut, much easier than usual. Of course, in the conditions of the Russian winter, it is rather difficult to keep the shoots.

- What is the most common mistake of a novice rose grower?

- There are two critical points in creating a rose garden: the choice of varieties and the preparation of the planting site. If you have coped with this, then caring for roses will not go beyond the usual. Even pruning, which many people worry about, is not as scary as it seems. Of course, you can cut it by observing all the rules. And in spring you can simply shorten the shoots by half the height, not paying attention to either the cut angle or where the bud is directed - inward or outward. In most cases, you will not notice a difference in bloom with complex and easy pruning. Yes, it is also important to rejuvenate the bushes during spring pruning by cutting out old, three to four-year-old shoots.

Greenhouses and greenhouses from the company & quot; Greenhouse choice & quot; - garden and vegetable garden

Fuse set with LED FC-272L "standard"

In stock: less than 10 pcs

Pickup: April 2 - free

Product characteristics
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Packaging specifications
Length, m:0.01
Width, m:0.09
Height, m:0.23

We deliver goods within 2 hours or at any day and time convenient for you

You can pick up your product 30 minutes after placing your order

Return up to 15% with bonuses and pay them up to 30% of the order value!

We carry out the return of goods within 120 days from the date of purchase!

We create a rock garden. Master Class.

Stone is such a simple, and at the same time, material, unusual in its effect on people, endows the space that surrounds it with a philosophical meaning and is an irreplaceable material for creating diversity in the landscape.

With the help of stone, you can make all kinds of compositions in the garden. But the most popular is the alpine slide, and the stone plays a major role in the organization of space with its natural grandeur. Depending on the season, the plant life of the garden changes, but the stone will remain a symbol of the eternal and unshakable.

Today, an alpine slide has become an indispensable attribute of almost every garden plot. In the classical definition, it is a part of a garden that mimics a mountain landscape, to showcase alpine plants. In practice, a rock garden is often called a strange pile of stones with the most incredible selection of plants. So what is a modern alpine slide in an ordinary private garden, and not in the possession of a collector of mountain flora? This is a complex, laborious construction, imitating a mountain landscape, with carefully selected plants. In practice, rockeries are more common in our gardens - rocky compositions, which are based on a combination of plants and stone. In rockeries, most types of ornamental ground cover and undersized plants, spring bulbous and ornamental foliage crops, regardless of their origin, are used. Unlike a rock garden in rockeries, it is permissible to use boulders, other stones of a rounded shape.

Before you create your own rock garden, you need to know what it is:

The garden, which imitates the natural appearance of the mountains and demonstrates the flora and fauna of the Alpine highlands with the center of the composition, a massive stone that symbolizes a mountain peak is called the Rock Garden or Alpine Hill.

It is more expedient to build a rock garden in the fall, but if you do not want to, you can also in the spring. First, you need to assess the relief of the site, decide where the construction will take place. It is good if there are slopes and hills. In addition, this place should be in an open space, away from tall trees and large structures. Because they will create a shadow and the slide will lose all the splendor and scale of the mountainous area.

For a rock garden in central Russia, mainly sandstone or limestone are used, less often granite. Moreover, these are not blocks that have been rolled over by time, but pieces of rock with characteristic angles and chips. If plants occupy an important place on your hill, then it is better to stop at limestone, since this stone is porous, roots can easily penetrate into it. But it must be remembered that the soil will have an alkaline reaction, which means that for some plants it will have to be acidified.

The most successful option is the construction of an alpine slide without the use of cement, brickwork and other labor-intensive construction work. This not only makes the work easier, but also allows you to reconstruct it in the future without problems. The optimal height of the rock garden is from 0.5 to 1.5 m.

After marking the future slide, they remove the soil layer by 20-25 cm, carefully select the roots of perennial weeds, ram the foundation pit, filling it with crushed stone, gravel, and broken brick. A border tape is dug in along the contour of the rock garden. Construction waste is often used, but this is possible only if there are no toxic and chemical substances in it. Stuffing takes place mainly in the highest part of the future rock garden.

Further, the compacted bottom of the pit is covered with soil flush with the site. The soil is also tamped and spilled well with water. This stage is important, since the quality of the work will depend on how and how much the slide can sink.

The next stage is marking the contours of the tiers of the slide. A slide consisting of 3-5 tiers looks good. Stones are laid according to tiers, soil is carefully rammed under each one, sand is poured.

For the upper tier, the most spectacular stone is chosen, because it will be visible from all sides.

In addition to stones that perform an aesthetic function, functional stones are used in the device of the slide. They have a flat surface and are stacked so that you can move along the hill to care for it and for the planted plants.

When arranging a rock garden, it should be borne in mind that stones and gravel should be about half of the area.An insufficient amount of stones can lead to flattening of slopes, and in some cases to soil slipping during heavy rains.

Stacking is only the first half of the alpine slide. An equally important stage is its "settlement" with plants. The wrong selection of "tenants" can reduce all your efforts to zero: instead of a rock garden, you will receive a pile of stones in thickets of flowers. The ideal alpine slide is the harmony of rocky terrain and plants. It is even more difficult to establish such harmony on variations of alpine slides - alpine slopes, stone taluses.

Before selecting and planting plants, it is necessary to correctly determine the zones of illumination and humidity, overheating and hypothermia, prepare soil mixtures, focusing on the individual characteristics of ornamental crops. That is, you need to know well the growing conditions of certain plants that you want to settle on an alpine hill. For example, a luxurious alpine plant like Levisia requires planting on a slope so that water does not in any way accumulate at the root collar.

Attention should also be paid to the fact that different types of alpine plants have different vigor of growth and reproduction. For example, rock alyssum, Caucasian arabis, alpine shrimp and soapwort quickly occupy large areas and can damage other plants.

On an alpine slide, not every plant can find a place for itself. Either the Alpines themselves, representatives of the mountain flora, or some species originating from rocky coasts and valleys, look harmoniously on it.

When choosing plants, all of them can be divided into groups in relation to the illumination.

On the northern side of the rock garden and in the shade of large stones, shade-loving and shade-tolerant plants will grow well. Most of them require high humidity in dry rock conditions. These are many types of primrose, host, bergenia, tenacious. Small periwinkle will grow well, and even ferns can be planted at the foot.

A wider assortment is represented by light-loving and drought-resistant plants. For them, not only lighting is important, but also good drainage. These are some types of adonis, rejuvenated, decorative bows and specific tulips, iris low and bulbous irises, thyme. Plants such as acene and lavender are especially good, but they only grow well when protected from cold winds.

A large group of plants has universal use, that is, they can grow both in sunny areas of the rock garden and in partial shade. These are phlox subulate and splayed, muscari, scillas, crocuses and other small-bulbous, numerous types of stonecrop, horned violet and tricolor, Carpathian bell, soapwort, alissum, arabis, ornamental grasses, ground cover, etc. and variegated plants, select plants with different flowering periods.

In addition to perennials, dwarf or creeping species and forms of shrubs are used in rock gardens.

On the southern slopes, you can use a horizontal cotoneaster, which has spectacular not only glossy leaves, but also red berries. This place is also suitable for Fortune's spindle tree, its finest variegated varieties. On the southern alpine slopes, the abundantly flowering Russian broom and luiseania look great.

In well-lit areas, in addition to the northern direction, bushes of dwarf forms of Japanese spirea and Potentilla shrub are planted.

Dwarf and creeping forms of conifers, as well as heathers, their best neighbors, look great in the rock garden. Precisely heathers, because among the stones, now popular eriks, even under cover for the winter, often freeze out.

From conifers, compact forms of virgin, horizontal, Cossack and middle juniper, dwarf forms of western thuja and mountain pine are more suitable for the alpine slide. Moreover, today there is a very wide selection of conifers with different colors of needles.

It is the ornamental shrubs and conifers that extend the decorative effect of the rock garden.

With proper planting of plants, taking into account their illumination and relation to humidity, caring for a rock garden is not difficult. It is important to regularly weed out so that they do not kill the cultivated plants. Most of the plants can and should be mulched with gravel or crushed stone. The mulch should be in harmony with the base stone.

It is necessary to water the rock garden carefully, with a strongly sprayed jet, in small portions, so that the water is absorbed into the soil and does not drain. You need to fertilize the plants individually, following the rule: it is better to underfeed than overfeed.

As a rule, the rock garden is surrounded by a lawn, to facilitate its maintenance, it is recommended to dig in a curb tape, and sprinkle the edge of the rock garden with gravel, under which a dense plastic film is placed. This will protect the edges of the rock garden from overgrowing with cereals.

In order not to spend a lot of time taming aggressive plants, they should immediately be planted in containers. In plants such as stonecrop, it is imperative to remove faded inflorescences, avoiding the setting and scattering of seeds.

If necessary, the most delicate plants for the winter should be covered with spruce branches. The rock garden itself is covered with snow in winter and they make sure that the snow cover is not blown away by the wind.

The alpine slide looks great at night - when there is lighting and a romantic mood:

Watch the video: Greenhouse or polytunnel, pros and cons for propagation and growing

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