Ammonium for strawberries, garlic, tomatoes and cucumbers in spring

Many believe that ammonia is an exclusively medicinal substance that is used in medicine to bring a person out of unconsciousness and as a therapy for various diseases. And what is the connection between ammonia and strawberries? But those who grow a garden, cultivate a vegetable garden, know that in addition to the standard use ammonia is an irreplaceable assistant on the site.

The composition and properties of ammonia, can it be used

Ammonia is a colorless gas with a pungent and very pungent odor; in combination with water, it forms ammonia. On sale you can find 10 percent and 25 percent concentration of this substance. Experienced gardeners use ammonia for the following purposes:

  1. As a liquid nitrogen fertilizer suitable for both seedlings and mature plants. In terms of quality, this fertilizer can be compared with such a generally recognized fertilizer as wood ash;
  2. Ammonia solution is an effective means of preventing the appearance of many insects and pests.

A distinctive feature of the ammonia solution is that it does not contain ballast substances, due to which, during processing and feeding, agricultural products remain harmless to people and animals.

Using it, you can grow an environmentally friendly crop. and the head about nitrates will not hurt. The use of chemicals in this case will be minimized.

The benefits and harms of ammonia, why water

Ammonia solution is actively used in horticulture. It is a source of nitrogen, which is very important for the full development of many plants. With the help of this top dressing, you can improve the general condition of the plants, any variety becomes productive and the quality of the fruits obtained is super!
Regular feeding and spraying of plants with nitrogen fertilizers leads to the following positive results:

  • active growth of green mass;
  • a large number of flowers are formed on plants;
  • after carrying out the correct feeding with ammonia, the introduction of other mineral fertilizers is not necessary;

If you pour this remedy, effective prevention of many pests will be performed, namely:

  • aphid;
  • onion fly;
  • carrot fly;
  • bear;
  • wireworm;
  • secretive proboscis;
  • indoor midges;
  • ants, etc.

An important advantage of the ammonia solution will be the fact that when it is used, nitrates do not accumulate in the roots, leaves and fruits of the plant, and the final product will not harm the body.

But if the product is used during fruiting, the resulting crop must be thoroughly washed, because the active substances can settle on the surface of the fruit.

Safety measures for spraying and fertilizing the garden and vegetable garden

Using ammonia in gardening, it is worth remembering that it is still is poisonous and it is very important to take certain precautions:

  1. When working with the substance, it is imperative to use personal protective equipment (gloves, respirator or mask). This is due to the fact that ammonia vapors on the skin or mucous membranes can cause a chemical burn;
  2. You can not add any substances to the solution, with the exception of iodine and laundry soap;
  3. If the freshly prepared solution gets on unprotected areas of the skin, immediately drain them with soapy water. Then you need to seek help from a specialist.

Poisoning with ammonia can cause serious consequences, so you need to work very carefully with such a substance. Ammonia vapors evaporate quickly enough, so precautions will be relevant at the time of its direct use.

An aqueous solution of ammonia cannot be prepared and kept indoors, all work with the substance should be carried out only outdoors. Also can not be used in hotbeds and greenhouses.

In addition to basic precautions, there are several contraindications that should be considered when working with a substance. It is not recommended for pregnant and lactating women, people with epilepsy.

Application for the treatment of various plants and seedlings

It is quite simple to prepare an ammonia solution, but it should be borne in mind that the dosage, proportion and method of use for different horticultural crops will differ from each other.
In order to prevent ammonia from volatilizing too quickly, it is mixed with 72% laundry soap. With its help, a thin film is created on the leaves of plants, which is a reliable protection against diseases and pests, but at the same time it allows air and moisture to pass through well.
To prepare such a product, a piece of soap is rubbed on a fine grater and diluted in 1 liter of hot water. The prepared soap solution is poured into a bucket of water, ammonia is added and mixed thoroughly.

Ammonia disappears quickly enough, so the prepared solution must be used immediately. To process the plant and at the same time avoid evaporation of the substance, watering is done with a watering can with wide holes.

Do not allow the agent to get on the leaves, in which case a chemical burn may form. Treatments with this substance are carried out in the early morning or late evening in dry and calm weather.

Ammonia for strawberries - fertilizer

Treating strawberries with ammonia is necessary in order to increase yields and help the plant grow green mass. Also, such a tool actively fights pests and is a prophylactic means of their appearance.
To achieve the best effect, three treatments are carried out... The first of them, in the spring, is aimed at getting rid of pests and fungal infections that have overwintered in the soil. Also, with the help of spring treatment, the amount of nitrogen required for the plant is introduced. Processing is carried out by watering strawberry bushes with a solution consisting of:

  • 40 milliliters of 10% ammonia;
  • 10 liters of water;
  • 1 liter of soapy water.

The time to complete this work falls on the end of March-beginning of April. If any noticeable amount of fertilizer gets on the aerial part of the plant, after the end of the treatment, the shrubs are additionally watered with clean water. In order to get rid of the remaining pests after flowering, strawberries are watered with a solution, which must be diluted more strongly:

  • 3 tablespoons of ammonia;
  • 10 liters of water.

The last feeding is carried out after picking the berries. The main purpose of such a procedure is to restore the plant after fruiting and contribute to the formation of the future harvest. A suitable mixture is prepared from:

  • 40 milliliters of 10% ammonia;
  • 10 liters of water;
  • 5 drops of iodine.

If you use the product when growing strawberries, the quality of the crop will improve and the risk of insects will decrease to a minimum.

Using a solution for onions and garlic - proportions

If you want to grow onions and garlic with a juicy green feather, you need to regularly feed the plants with nitrogen fertilizers. Also, such a procedure will be necessary if the plant shows signs of nitrogen starvation, such as yellowed and twisted foliage.
To fertilize garlic with an ammonia solution, the following rules are followed:

  1. If the plant shows strong signs of a lack of nitrogen, it is watered with a solution prepared from a tablespoon of 25% ammonia and a liter of water;
  2. For preventive purposes, at the beginning of summer, two treatments are carried out with a product prepared from 30 milliliters of 10% ammonia and a liter of water.

Top dressing of onions will depend on the goals of growing the crop:

  1. For thick and juicy greens, in June, plants are fed with a solution, consisting of a teaspoon of ammonia and a liter of water;
  2. To increase the mass and quality of root crops, the beds are watered with a product consisting of a tablespoon of ammonia and a bucket of water.

All types of onion and garlic treatments are repeated 2-3 times with an interval of 7-10 days.

In order to get rid of insects, the following amount of substance is diluted in a bucket of water:

  • onion and carrot fly - 5 milliliters;
  • wireworm - 10 milliliters;
  • hidden proboscis - 25 milliliters;
  • aphids - 50 milliliters of ammonia should be used in combination with 50 grams of laundry soap.

Ammonia is a versatile remedy, with which you can feed the plant and at the same time protect it from pests.

Ammonium for cucumbers and tomatoes - process in spring

In order to help the cucumbers actively build up the green mass and form the ovaries, it is necessary to regularly make nitrogen-containing dressings:

  1. After the size of the shoot reaches 10-15 centimeters in length, it is watered once a week with a 1% solution of ammonia;
  2. At the moment of ovary formation, the concentration of the substance is doubled;
  3. If the leaves of the plant begin to wither, dry and there are signs of yellowing, it is recommended to carry out a one-time feeding with a 4% solution.

In order for tomatoes to form powerful bushes and large fruits, they are processed in the same way as cucumbers. The result of feeding with ammonia of the tomato variety "Tatiana" is indicative - the yield is 20% higher compared to plants that have not received such feeding.

Tomatoes can be saturated with nitrogen during the planting phase. To do this, pour 500 milliliters of a 1% solution of ammonia into each well.

Ammonia for bell peppers and cabbage - a pledge of the harvest

Bell peppers and cabbage, as well as other crops. are very fond of nitrogen-containing fertilizersI. With their help, a powerful bush is formed and flowering is improved. Ammonia helps plants to cope with their main tasks and provides decent protection against many pests. It is used in the same way as when growing cucumbers or tomatoes.
Ammonia is a very valuable find for many gardeners.... This versatile tool allows you to fertilize not only the above crops, but also potatoes, beetroot, zucchini, eggplant and other crops. With the help of such a tool, you can thoroughly enrich the plants with nitrogen and effectively protect against insects. In addition, you can buy ammonia at any pharmacy, and the cost of this substance will be affordable for everyone.

How to properly dilute ammonia for onions and garlic in the beds

Onions and garlic are not overly capricious crops, but sometimes problems arise with them. The leaves can turn pale, yellow, dry out, the heads do not develop due to a violation of photosynthesis, they rot. Most often, the problem lies in the lack of nitrogen. You need to add urea or carbamide very carefully, the minimum excess of the dose can greatly aggravate the situation. There is a safer and simpler remedy - a pharmacy solution of ammonia, which will nourish and protect onions and garlic from insects.

The use of ammonia in the garden and vegetable garden

Home gardeners practice a variety of folk methods for plant cultivation and pest control. The use of ammonia when planting seedlings scares off the bear. Half a liter of solution is added to the wells: 10 liters. water add 10 ml. ammonia.

Reference! During the use of ammonia, fertilizers containing nitrogen are not used for dressing.

In the garden, trees and shrubs are sprayed, the soil is watered. After processing, the foliage acquires an intense color, flowering and fruit formation improves. The pungent smell scares away pests, is at the same time a fertilizer.

In the garden, ammonia is used for spraying vegetable crops:

  • For cabbage. In the fight against pests: cabbage flea, slugs, snails, caterpillars, cruciferous fleas. For a bucket of 10 liters. add 50-100 ml. ammonia. Sprayed in the evening. In rainy weather, for the prevention of slugs, the bushes are watered abundantly from a watering can.
  • For cucumbers and tomatoes. Water the bushes with a solution of weak concentration (for 10 liters of water - 3 tablespoons of ammonia) every 10 days. Increase the concentration if necessary.
  • For onions and garlic. To improve the yield and as a preventive measure against pests, the beds are watered with a solution of 10 liters. water with 1 tbsp. spoonful of ammonia.
  • For potatoes and peppers. When watering the beds 1 time in two weeks add 2-3 tbsp. spoons of ammonia.

Ammonia is used for feeding and treating pests of many vegetable and horticultural crops:

  • turnips, turnips, radishes
  • beets
  • eggplant
  • carrots
  • rhubarb
  • squash and pumpkin
  • gooseberry currant
  • apple and pear
  • cherries.

It is enough to water 2-3 times with the addition of ammonia to accelerate plant growth, strengthen immunity, and provide protection from pests.

Which plants are suitable

Ammonia is useful for almost all ornamental and garden plants. However, the dosage and frequency of application of ammonia are determined, taking into account the species of the culture.

Vegetable plants pollinated by insects are fed every growing season, but in moderate concentration. There are species that are more in need of ammonia fertilizer, and there are less.

Of the plants that respond well to ammonia, you should name:

  • vegetables - cabbage, peppers, pumpkin crops, potatoes
  • flowers - dahlias, peonies, perennial bulbous species
  • fruit trees and bushes - raspberries, cherries, plums, strawberries.

Ammonia is useful for seedlings of almost all cultivated species, both at home and in greenhouse conditions.

The chemical can be used as an insect killer, but only in moderate concentration, for:

  • apple trees
  • gooseberry
  • currants
  • corn
  • annual ornamental species
  • root crops
  • tomato
  • cucumbers.

Do not use alcohol for legumes. These plants actively absorb nitrogen not only from the soil, but also from the air, so they do not need additional feeding.

Nitrogen fertilization is in dire need of nightshade crops, primarily growing on soils with a low humus content. Eggplants, peppers, potatoes, tomatoes, pumpkins, zucchini, cabbage are treated with fertilizer mixtures with the addition of an aqueous solution of ammonia. Fruit and berry crops - raspberries, cherries, plums, blackberries, sweet cherries - will react positively to the introduction of ammonia. For these plants, nitrogen fertilization is necessary throughout the entire period of growth and fruiting.

Without nitrogen fertilization, they will not please with luxurious bouquets of roses, peonies, dahlias, clematis, nasturtiums. Flowers are treated with dressings with ammonia several times during the growing season and the formation of peduncles. For cucumbers, carrots, garlic, onions, radishes, beets, corn, nitrogen fertilization is necessary in medium doses, mainly during the period of growing green mass of the ground part of plants. Legumes supply themselves with nitrogen, absorbing it from the air and accumulating it in special growths - nodules on the roots.

Ammonia against pests of the garden and vegetable garden

But ammonia in the garden and in the garden can act not only as a fertilizer, but also work as an insecticide. Its pungent smell easily evaporates, but it manages to scare off most garden pests.

At a minimum, using ammonia, you can get rid of aphids on plants. Dissolve 50 ml of the preparation and 100 g of grated laundry soap in 10 l of water. Let the composition brew a little so that the soap dissolves well.Spray the plants on both sides of the leaves early in the morning in calm and cloudy weather.

Salmon also helps from a bear, a wireworm and even a mole. Immediately before planting any culture (potatoes, peppers, tomatoes) on the garden bed, spill the wells with an ammonia solution (3-4 tablespoons per 10 liters of water) and repeat the procedure again after 7-10 days. If you find a hole of a mole or a bear, place a cotton swab dipped in pure ammonia there. Experienced gardeners claim that this technique protects plants from these pests throughout the next season.

To prepare a solution of ammonia against the onion lurker and weevil, 3-4 tbsp. dilute the drug in 10 liters of water. Water the onion with this "elixir" in spring and in the first half of summer at intervals of 7-10 days.

The pungent smell of ammonia will also scare off onion and carrot flies from your plantings. To protect vegetables from these pests, the aisles should be watered with a solution prepared from 1 tbsp. pharmaceutical preparation and 10 liters of water, every 10-12 days.

A concentrated solution of ammonia will also help in the fight against ants, which themselves, although they do not harm garden plants, are a potential threat on the site (they breed aphids, build anthills near the roots). A solution of ammonia is gently poured into the ant tunnels or the center of the anthill.

By the way, you will have to use this drug when mosquitoes and midges infest your site. Spray the space of an open gazebo or street bench with this scent medicine. The unpleasant smell will quickly disappear, but it will remain perceptible to insects, and they will not dare to approach your place of rest.

Cabbage slugs and caterpillars also do not like the smell of ammonia. Pour cabbage heads liberally from a watering can so as to get into hard-to-reach places. Prepare a solution from a mixture of 100 ml of ammonia and 10 liters of water. From the caterpillars, the beds are sprayed or watered several times a day.

As you can see, a "penny" drugstore can be a real boon for a gardener. You just need to know how, where and when to correctly apply ammonia on the site.

Safety measures when processing plants with ammonia

The pungent smell of ammonia and its vapor, if basic protection measures are not followed, can be dangerous:

  • sudden inhalation can cause respiratory arrest, so it is better to mix solutions in well-ventilated rooms
  • in people with hypertension, can cause a sharp increase in blood pressure
  • ammonia is a medicinal product and in no case should it be mixed with chlorine-containing substances
  • to avoid burns, be careful not to get the product on the skin and mucous membranes.

With proper use, respecting proportions and rules, ammonia will become your irreplaceable assistant and friend for plants. They will certainly thank you with a healthy appearance and a rich harvest.

Watch the video: Why Are My Plants Drooping at Midday? Black Gumbo

Previous Article

5 ways to determine the acidity of the soil at home

Next Article

Sounds and verses emitted by the hippo