Hyacinth is the messenger of spring. Its curly, fragrant "spikelets" of flowers are among the first to appear in the garden, when the green grass is still hatching. For this early awakening, long flowering and great vitality, hyacinth is loved by gardeners. And lovers of indoor flowers have accustomed hyacinth to home conditions. And since then, spring on a separate window sill can come, like in a fairy tale, at any time of the year. Blooming hyacinth by a frosty window pane is a magical painting you can create yourself. It is enough to follow the simple rules of planting and care to help the hyacinth. And then the beautiful and fragrant flowers will appear exactly at the appointed time.
People made friends with hyacinth more than five hundred years ago. Many legends are associated with this plant. The inhabitants of the eastern Mediterranean were the first to notice the lovely flower that grows along the banks of rivers and lakes. He not only moved to the oriental gardens, but also became a poetic image.
Hyacinth - a flower with a legendary past
Arab poets gave the flower the name "curls of the huria". According to an oriental legend, women, looking at his curly flowers, learned the art of curling their hair.
The ancient Greeks had a legend about the miraculous origin of this plant. Hyacinth, the young son of the muse and king of Sparta, the favorite of the Olympian god Apollo, died tragically. And Apollo kept the memory of Hyacinth forever. Where the blood of a handsome youth was shed, no less beautiful flowers grew. But the hyacinth did not become a symbol of sadness. He personifies the joy of life. Greek weddings were necessarily decorated with hyacinths; in honor of this flower, the ancient Greeks held a three-day holiday, they dedicated sports victories to it.
Hyacinth flowers are perfect
The advent of hyacinth to European countries is also reflected in the legend. The flower bulbs were allegedly brought to Holland by the wreck of a ship carrying a flower cargo. The ship crashed, but was carried on land in onions to the shores of Holland. The hyacinths grew and fell in love with European gardeners. The 18th century became a real boom of this flower in Europe.
Interest in this wonderful plant continues unabated. Hundreds of varieties of hyacinth have already been created. They differ in size, flowering time, shades and shapes of inflorescences, there are simple and double flowers. And breeders continue to develop new varieties.
Such an ardent and mutual love of hyacinth and flower growers is easy to explain. This flower has an outstanding appearance, it is easy to grow it at home and it is not difficult to propagate it.
What is he the favorite of Apollo and flower growers? Hyacinth is a perennial bulbous plant. Long, upward, dark green leaves appear first. They have a well-defined groove. Then a peduncle grows from the center of the leaf funnel, densely planted with buds. There are usually 30 or more of them. And then the magic begins, the buds open and become amazing flowers. They resemble a bell with strongly bent petals and smell good. The plant blooms for about a month.
The hyacinth palette is very variegated
Through the efforts of breeders, hyacinths of a wide variety of colors have been bred. Among its many varieties, there are many-flowered, which have not one, but several peduncles, there are - with double flowers. Interesting, but rarely grown at home, Roman hyacinth.
The Roman hyacinth does not have a dense flower "cob"
This flower has two or three rather thin peduncles, and the flowers are not so densely arranged.
Each color, according to florists, has its own meaning.
Hyacinth is the best option for forcing flowers by a certain date. According to gardeners' reviews, other bulbous are more capricious. And according to florists, blooming hyacinth is a great gift. Whichever variety of hyacinth you choose, whenever it blooms, it is always magic. And you yourself will become a wizard. One has only to try a little.
Over the course of five centuries of domestication of hyacinth, more than 300 varieties have been bred. They are mainly intended for growing in the garden. And only oriental hyacinth is suitable for home conditions. But this variety has become the basis for the creation of many hybrid varieties. It is impossible to count them, new ones appear every year. Varieties are divided by the time of flowering, by size - into miniature and tall, by the shape of flowers, the number of peduncles. Finally, by color. Hyacinths surprise and delight in color: snow-white, cream, bright blue, sky blue, dark purple, pale lilac, pink, scarlet red, deep orange and sunny yellow. And all the hyacinths smell wonderful.
Let's talk in more detail about the most famous varieties.
Separately, miniature hyacinths are distinguished - these are plants no more than 15 cm in height, with smaller flowers than those of ordinary forms. Many hybrid varieties have mini variants.
In the language of flowers, hyacinth means fun, curiosity and unpredictability. White hyacinth symbolizes constancy, blue - calmness, yellow - cheerfulness, red or pink - this is the promise of surprises.
Describing the conditions required for a hyacinth in a pot each season is difficult. This flower does not obey the usual calendar. He fulfills the will of his owner, who, having become a wizard, changes the seasons. For example, for a hyacinth that should bloom by Christmas, spring will come in September. The table shows the seasons for plants with a natural life cycle, and development periods for those that made them bloom after hours.
|Season / period||Lighting||Humidity||Temperature|
|Winter / rest||Not required, hyacinth bulbs are stored without soil, preferably in a dark room.||Moderate, high can lead to decay, too low - will dry out the bulbs.||Cool, plus 15–20 degrees.|
|First half of spring / growth, preparation for flowering||After planting, complete darkness for a month and a half. When the shoots grow up to 3-5 cm - partial shade.||The humidity is high, the soil around the bulbs should not dry out.||Cooling time, not higher than plus 5 degrees for a month and a half.|
|Second half of spring / bloom||When a peduncle with buds appears, provide good lighting, but no direct sun. If the daylight hours are short, add artificial lighting so that the light falls evenly from all directions. If this is not the case, rotate the plant regularly.||Moderate after the buds appear. No need to spray, but keep away from heaters.||When the shoots are older, increase to 12 degrees Celsius. During flowering, it is optimal - plus 20-22. Protect the hyacinth from drafts. Fluctuations can lead to the death of the hyacinth.|
|Summer / growth, accumulation of strength||Diffused lighting.||Moderate.||Moderate, plus 18-20 degrees.|
|Fall / rest preparation||When the leaves wilt, remove the bulbs from the ground, peel and dry.||Cool, plus 15–20 degrees.|
If you already have a blooming hyacinth, do not rush to replant it. Let it bloom, and then act as with a plant that has been distilled (more on this later).
If you have healthy, full-fledged hyacinth bulbs at your disposal, you can plant them and start forcing flowers. Remember: at least three and a half or four months will pass from planting to flowering. Small onions of dubious quality are not suitable for inappropriate flowering, their planting will have to be postponed until spring.
Hyacinths are usually planted in low and large pots, containers and bowls. Ceramic or plastic doesn't matter. But it is important that there are good drainage holes. And the most important thing is that the bulb is located comfortably, that is, it does not touch the walls of the container. You can plant not one, but two or three or more onions in a bowl to get a spectacular bouquet.
Take the soil neutral, non-acidic. All-purpose soil from the store is acceptable, or mix leafy, turf, and compost soil, as well as peat and sand.
There is another option - to do without soil at all. Hyacinth bulbs grow well just in a container of water.
Hyacinths can also grow in water
It is necessary to prepare a container, drainage, soil substrate and, most importantly, onions.
Special forcing bulbs are available at the store. They have already been trained, and the sooner they are imprisoned, the better. Choose large (5 cm or more), dense, healthy specimens without rot and damage.
Choose large, healthy bulbs for forcing
You can prepare planting material for forcing yourself. This must be taken care of in advance, in June or July.
Hyacinths have globular onions. Inside, they consist of juicy scales, and outside the onion is covered with dried integumentary scales. The color of the scales and flowers are related. In varieties with blue, blue and purple flowers, the onions are purple on the outside. In white hyacinths, the bulbs are covered with light gray scales, in red hyacinths, the onions are burgundy outside. In yellow ones, the bulbs are gray-cream, and in pink ones, they are lilac.
As a rule, blooming hyacinths are expected to be received by a certain date: by the New Year, March 8 or birthday. This means that the onions must be planted at a specific time. It is not difficult to define it. In September, they begin to drive out hyacinths for the New Year's holiday, in October - for the first women's day. On average, it takes 14-15 weeks from planting to flowering.
During the "winter", the bulbs begin to grow
The sprouts are stretched out, it's time for "spring"
If the hyacinth "sees" the light earlier, it will develop poorly. It is not worth delaying the "winter" stage. In this case, all the energy of the bulb will go to the leaves, and the buds will not form or will be weak.
The flower stalk is still growing, and the flowers are already opening, the magic succeeded!
As soon as the hyacinth blooms, it is moved to a warm room. For high-quality flowering, a temperature of + 20-22 degrees is needed.
Smaller bulbs are suitable for normal planting in spring. Planting tank, drainage and soil requirements are the same as for forcing plants. The only difference is that during spring planting, the tops of the onions are completely covered with soil. And then the container is placed in a cool place, 12-15 degrees is enough. When the climate permits, take it outside, on the insulated balcony, veranda.
Indoor hyacinths are beautiful at any time of the year
Return the grown plants with buds to the room. Subsequently, take care of the same as for the "forcing" hyacinths.
You have coped with planting hyacinths, successfully organized winter for them, and then spring. The flowers are blooming and fragrant. It remains to provide quality care when the hyacinths are blooming and safely go through the post-flowering stage. It is not difficult to please a curly-haired handsome man, he does not need hothouse care. No wonder his legendary namesake was a Spartan youth.
Hyacinth, which has blossomed, is very fond of light and moisture. Does not tolerate too hot air and cold drafts. Switch on the backlight for short daylight hours.Place the plant pot away from heaters and open vents, and do not forget to water. If the peduncle of the hyacinth bends under the weight of the inflorescences (this happens), give it support.
These hyacinths need support
In Greece, hyacinth is called the flower of the rains. It requires that the soil around the bulb does not dry out. Defend or filter irrigation water. Water the flower carefully, along the edge of the pot. Water should not get on the bulb, in the center of the leaf outlet, on the buds. And be sure to drain excess water from the pan. Stagnant moisture can provoke root rot. Florists recommend watering the hyacinth with a solution of calcium nitrate (concentration 0.2%) for stable flowering.
Blooming hyacinth should be fed every two weeks. Apply liquid complex fertilizers to flowering plants. When making the solution, follow the instructions.
When buying hyacinth in bloom, you can hear the advice: discard the plant after wilting. Is this wonderful flower disposable? Nothing like this. Hyacinth can live and bloom for about 10 years. All his life force is concentrated in the onion. The florist's task is to preserve and increase the supply of food and energy for new flowering. This will take some work, but the results will pay off. What to do with a hyacinth that has faded?
|The flowers open right in the leaf rosette, the peduncle grows too slowly.||1. Incorrect watering or its deficiency. 2. The rest period is not long enough. The hyacinth was brought out too early.||1. Adjust the watering mode, do not pour water on the bulb and into the outlet. 2. Consider the mistake for the future. The time of cold and dark rest should last three months or more.|
|Hyacinth leaves turn yellow.||Drafts, improper watering.||Protect the plant from drafts. Observe the watering regime.|
|The buds do not open and fall off.||Careless watering, no water should get on the buds.||Water the hyacinth carefully. Do not place plants next to it that need to be sprayed.|
|Lack of colors.||1. Insufficiently large bulbs were selected. 2. The dormant period passed at a high temperature or ended earlier than necessary. 3. Watering deficit.||Errors cannot be corrected this season. Treat the hyacinth as if it were in bloom, and try forcing after a year.|
|The flowers are deformed.||Incorrectly spent rest period.||At this time, keep the temperature no higher than +5, be sure to keep it dark. Do not keep planted onions in an unheated but sunny room.|
|Long drooping leaves.||The plant has been in the dark for too long. Or there was not enough light during flowering.||Follow the rules for forcing hyacinth and care during flowering.|
|Rotting flowers.||Waterlogging.||In containers for planting hyacinths, good holes and a drainage layer are required.|
|Bulbs in one pot do not bloom at the same time.||1. Initially selected onions of different sizes. 2. The container was not turned towards the light. Plants that grow more slowly have a lack of light.||1. Plant onions of the same size in one container. 2. Regularly turn the growing hyacinths in different directions towards the light source.|
|Leaves and peduncles fall out of the bulb.||1. Overdried earthen room. 2. The bulb rots due to waterlogging.||Watch the watering regime. The soil should always be slightly damp, but be sure to remove excess water from the pan.|
Hyacinth, properly cared for, is a Spartan healthy plant. But if you neglect the rules of care, he is likely to get sick. It is threatened by such ailments as fusarium and bacterial rot, as well as insect pests: stem nematode, aphid, root mite.
Sadly, hyacinth is not always treatable. Therefore, the best treatment is prevention: disinfection of the soil and onions, and also regular inspection of the plant. Please note that after the buds appear, you cannot spray the flower with insecticides.
|Foliage and peduncle wither, wrinkle, rot. Slimy plaque on the bulb.||Fungal disease - fusarium.||Treatment in an advanced stage is ineffective. If the damage is minor, remove all damaged parts. Treat the slices and onion with activated charcoal or sulfur. Keep away from other plants to avoid contamination.|
|Black spots appear on the leaves, and a slimy coating on the bulb.||Bacterial rot.||Destroy infected plants. Disinfect the container, and discard the soil.For prevention - before planting, treat the bulbs with a substance containing phosphorus.|
|Leaves turn yellow, deformed. Colonies of small insects are visible on the plant.||This is defeat by aphids.||Aphids are killed by most poisons. Spray the plant with insecticides - Aktellik or Fitoverm.|
|The plant's leaves and peduncles are deformed, thickenings appear. The color in these places fades, and then becomes brown. The affected parts die off.||Filamentous worms living in flower tissues are stem nematodes.||Destroy the plant, burn it better. The bulbs can be cured. The nematoda is afraid of high fever. Dip the bulbs in hot (45 degrees) water for 15 minutes. Rinse and dry.|
|At first, the eaten places are noticeable on the bulb, then the passages. With a strong defeat, the bulb falls apart, inside the dust.||Root mite infestation. The insect settles in onions, its larvae feed on the pulp of the plant.||Keep onions dry. Inspect them before planting; the root mite prefers high humidity. Avoid waterlogging. Treat the affected onions and roots of plants with a systemic insecticide (for example, "Neoron", "Apollo").|
At home, hyacinth lends itself to reproduction in several ways: by seeds, notching the bottom and children. The seed method is the longest, most complex and is used mainly for breeding.
Reproduction by children is also not the most productive method. During one growing season, a very modest amount of planting material can be obtained from one onion. Therefore, surgery on the bottom of the hyacinth is the most profitable way of reproduction.
A legend is also associated with this method. They say that Dutch growers could not breed more hyacinths in any way. And the mouse helped them. It was as if she had climbed into one of the cellars where the flower bulbs were kept and gnawed at them. After a while, the owner of the basement discovered that the damaged bottom of the old onion was filled with new ones.
This method is most effective and popular at home. Using it, you can get several dozen young bulbs at once.
You can cut the bottom. With a pointed teaspoon in the onions, carefully cut out the bottom. After the operation, we store the onions with the cut up, in a room with a temperature of + 21-22 degrees. After 2-3 months, babies will be formed on the sections.
See how to cut the bottom correctly.
Babies are small onions that form during the growing season on the parent bulb. In one season, an average of 4 babies appear on the mother's onion, no more.
Hyacinth is a symbol of spring and blossom. As you already understood, you can achieve its flowering at any time of the year, not only in the greenhouse, but also at home. Any florist is quite capable of becoming a novice wizard. It is required of him: a mathematical calculation in order to plant the onions on time, attention for successful germination and a little effort to care for a curly handsome man. Not so much. After all, a blooming and fragrant hyacinth in the midst of the winter cold is a real magic.
A wonderful ancient legend is associated with hyacinth. It is believed that the flower took its name from the ancient Greek mythical young hero Hyakinthos. Apollo himself was in love with him. At the time of training in throwing discs, the young man was mortally wounded by the god Zephyr, who was madly jealous of him for the sun god. In the place where the blood of Hyakintos was shed, beautiful, but such fleeting flowers - hyacinths - grew.
Now these plants have descended from the divine peaks, and every spring they delight us with incredibly fragrant and bright inflorescences. Growing them in open land does not bring any trouble, and the joy of contemplating a whole plantation of hyacinths is simply indescribable.
The plant is a flower cob, growing up to 30 cm in length... A dense bulb consists of lower leaves, which surround the bottom of the bulb with their bases. The thick and strongly shortened part of the stem is a continuation of the bottom. The flowers of the hyacinth are bell-shaped, the edges of which are sharply pointed. After flowering, the green leaves and stem dry up, and a bud begins to form inside the bulb, which grows into an onion. In a young bulb, a stem with flowers that will bloom next year is already initially compressed.
The plant counts about two thousand species, each of which is beautiful in its own way. At home, oriental hyacinth grows best.
A perennial bulbous plant with spherical or globular bulbs grows up to 30 cm. Each bulb grows 5-8 bright green matte or shiny leaves. Fragrant flowers sit in the axils of the bracts on short stalks. They can be bell-shaped or bell-funnel-shaped. Oriental hyacinth blooms with simple or double flowers of yellow, pink, blue, purple, blue or white. Plant varieties differ in terms of flowering, the size and color of the inflorescences, and the height of the peduncle.
Most popular for cultivation in indoor conditions varieties:
After looking at photos of different types of hyacinths, you will certainly want to grow this flower at home.
The place for planting hyacinths should be away from trees and shrubs, on a flat, well-lit area. It's not bad if the site is with a slight slope - then the water during rains and melting snow will not heat the bulbs. Long-term flooding for hyacinth means death.
The distance to groundwater should be at least 50-60 cm. If they are at a higher level, make a loose bed 25-30 cm above the ground. To prevent the bed from spreading out during the rains, install a perimeter fence made of ordinary boards or bricks.
Prepare the soil on the site in advance - 2 months before planting, in August. This is necessary so that the soil has time to settle, otherwise the roots may break off during the settling process. Dig the soil to a depth of about 40 cm.
For digging, add humus or compost (10-15 kg per 1 m²), peat, sand and mineral fertilizer in the following proportion: 15 g of magnesium sulfate, 30 g of potassium sulfate and 60-80 g of superphosphate per 1 m² of soil. If there is no potassium and magnesium, they can be replaced: potassium for 200 g of wood ash, and magnesium for 250 g of dolomite flour.
For 2-3 bulbs left over from forcing, you certainly do not need such a large area of a full square meter. Calculate the proportion of fertilizer for the size of your plot, assuming that the distance between the bulbs should be equal to 3 bulb diameters (approximately 12-15 cm). After preparing the soil, water it abundantly and cover it with a black film (from rain) until the planting date.
If you are making a bulk bed, then it is not necessary to dig up the ground, just remove all weeds. Lay the bed in layers: 10 cm of any permeable coarse material (bark, chopped branches, straw, fallen leaves), then compost or humus. You can repeat both layers as long as necessary, do not mix the layers. Then add mineral fertilizer, and the last layer is 10 cm of garden soil.
In late September - early October, you can plant hyacinth bulbs. They should be firm to the touch, without damage. Just in case, before planting, they can be dipped in a weak solution of potassium permanganate (to prevent rot). Or, if there are suspicions, soak for a short while in the foundation.
Plant the bulbs to a depth of 15-18 cm from the bottom to the surface of the ground. Children are planted not so deeply and the distance between them is much less. In addition, it is advisable to plant the bulbs in a "sand jacket". Pour 3-5 cm of clean river sand at the bottom of the hole or groove, lightly press the bulbs into it, cover with another layer of sand, and then soil. This will protect the bulbs from rotting and infection. Water the garden bed after planting.
Before the onset of persistent frosts, cover the planting with dry peat, sawdust, dry fallen leaves or spruce branches. And in the spring, carefully remove the shelter when the soil begins to thaw.
Scenario one. Many people throw away faded hyacinths.Sometimes an empty pot is left as it can be used for growing seedlings or for cacti.
Scenario two. Some floriculture manuals (including articles in newspapers and magazines) recommend subjecting the faded hyacinth to execution: the plant is first systematically dried, the bulb is removed from the ground and disinfected, and then sent for storage until the autumn planting on the site. It is believed that a bulb that has passed this test will bloom in a year. I have tried many times to preserve the hyacinth bulb this way. First of all, it is quite troublesome. And most importantly, my bulbs never even survived until the end of summer. They were so shriveled that one could not even dream of any further flowering. By the time of the autumn planting, nothing remained of the dried onion, except for a lump of rustling scales. There was nothing to plant in the ground.
Scenario three. This option gives one hundred percent results. It is also very simple. I start by cutting off the faded peduncle. After that, I transfer from the old small pot to a larger flower pot. Of course, only if you did not transplant the hyacinth into a new flower pot immediately after purchase. Be sure to put a drainage layer on the bottom (preferably from expanded clay). I pour in the previously prepared garden soil, mixed with peat and sand. You can take a purchased potting soil mixture for flowers. It is important that it is not solid peat or too nutritious soil mixture of the "Living Earth" type. At least sand must be added to such package contents. I cover the bulb with earth to the very neck. It shouldn't go deeper!
After the transshipment, I put the hyacinth pot in a bright, cool place on the insulated glazed loggia. You can put it on a windowsill. Hyacinth quickly begins to grow excellent green leaves.
I take care of it as a houseplant during the growth period: I moderately water the soil in a pot, trying not to soak the bulb itself, and feed it with complex fertilizers. The soil should not be waterlogged during watering. Hyacinth will naturally grow in a pot (on a loggia or windowsill) like its counterparts outdoors. The only difference lies in the time and place of growth. As soon as the opportunity arises, the hyacinth should be moved to the flower garden. There I gently roll a clod of earth with roots from the pot into the hole and level the ground. I do not deepen the bulb, because the neck should remain at the ground level at all times. Usually I do the transshipment in May (according to the weather).
Hyacinths, which were bought in pots and grown in the house before planting in the ground, have the time and opportunity to accumulate nutrients in order to grow a full-fledged bulb. They are ready to bloom next year.
You can read about how to care for these hyacinths (former forcing) in the open field in the articles "Hyacinth bulb, its digging, storage and autumn planting" and "Autumn planting of hyacinths".
Before planting in the ground, the planting material for 30 minutes. etched in a solution of any fungicide. How deep to plant hyacinths is determined by the size of the bulbs. For large ones, with a diameter over 5 cm - 18 cm from the bottom, standard - 12-15 cm. In general, the layer of earth above the bulb should be three times more than its height. In areas with light soil, the planting depth should be increased by 2 cm, with heavy soil, on the contrary, reduced by the same amount. The distance between individual plants should be 15-20 cm. The smaller the bulbs or children, the denser they are. If humus or compost was not introduced during preliminary digging, it must be added directly to the hole. It is recommended to put a layer of 3-5 cm of coarse sand at the bottom of the planting pit, which will provide the necessary drainage and will protect the bottom from rotting and diseases contained in the soil. In this case, the planting material is slightly pressed into the sand, covered first with sand, then with soil. In order for the flowering to be simultaneous, it is better to select the bulbs of the same size in one planting hole or ridge and plant them at the same depth, which will ensure their simultaneous flowering. For better rooting with a lack of moisture, planting is watered.
Think hyacinth is a flower? No, this is the name of a young man, beloved friend of the Greek god Apollo. Often the young men had fun by throwing a disc one by one. But the jealousy of the god of the West Winds led to misfortune. And now Hyacinth is bleeding in the hands of a friend - the god Apollo. Apollo could not help him in any way, only in memory of his friend he created a unique flower and named it Hyacinth.
This, it turns out, is thanks to whom many women receive a deliciously smelling gift on March 8. Moreover, there is such a variety of colors: white, pale yellow, pink (any tonality), lilac, blue, blue, red, purple.
How to grow hyacinth at home Home hyacinth has faded what to do next
Looking at the hyacinth, everyone will think: “I want it! Want! Want!". If you want, then everything will be, while you have to try. "Hyacinth" is a Greek word translated as "rain flower", maybe because the grower needs to shed a lot of sweat over its cultivation. This, of course, is a joke, however, one must not only know the peculiarities of growing, but also methodically adhere to them.
Preliminarily, we note that it may be necessary for additional lighting and supports for the peduncles (the inflorescences are too weighty). Our task is to get as close as possible to the conditions of the natural environment - South Asia and the Mediterranean.
This is a tricky business, as all of the following factors should be taken into account:
Everything is simple here - you must not allow the soil to dry out - on the one hand, rotting of the bulb and leaves - on the other. Watering should be done regularly, along the walls of the pot, without reaching the bulbs. Drain excess water from the pallet. Hyacinth does not need spraying, and during flowering, this procedure is prohibited.
The choice of soil mixture is important; neutral soil is suitable for hyacinth, ideally the use of leaf and sod land, peat, humus and sand in equal proportions. No fresh organic matter.
Pre-calcine the earth for 1.5 hours in the oven - for disinfection. For lush flowering, the plant will need strength, which means that feeding is required (with ordinary complex fertilizers for flowering plants).
The first time at the beginning of the growing season, then - during the budding period, it is possible a little in the final phase of flowering.
The key to a beautiful flowering is a quality bulb. Bulbs should be selected in flower shops according to the following parameters:
If you are purchasing a flowering plant, then the stem and peduncle should be erect.
It can be very roughly calculated as follows: from planting to flowering, it takes about 2.5 months, the plant itself blooms for 10-18 days (depending on the variety), so it is easy to calculate.
We want a new year - we start in the middle of October, for Valentine's Day - the end of November, by March 8 - the 20th of December.
Before buying bulbs, read the growing conditions thoroughly - the most important thing is that the three phases of distillation require different temperatures (and therefore a different place).
First stage - we plant the bulb in a pot and simulate winter. We keep the pot for 1.5-2 months at temperatures up to 8 ° C and complete darkening.
This can be a cellar, and in the absence of it - the lower section of the refrigerator (close the pot with a package). We proceed to the next stage when the emerging sprout reaches 5 cm.
We keep the substrate in the flowerpot constantly moist, drying out is unacceptable.
Second phase - temperature rise by 5 -7 ˚С (spring comes), the room is still darkened. You can gradually move closer to the window, adding light. We are waiting for the buds to appear.
Stage three - flowering, takes place in good light and a temperature of about 20 ˚С. The golden rule is no sudden jumps in heat and heat, otherwise you will not see flowers.
We fill the pot with nutritious soil two-thirds in height. No need to tamp.
We plant the bulbs half the height so that the tops are on the surface. So the hyacinth will not get sick with putrefactive diseases and will develop well.
After gently pouring without touching the bulbs themselves, place the pot in a cool, dark place. When the leaves are 7-8 cm tall, the pot should be placed on a sunny windowsill.
If you have presented the whole process, found places with a suitable temperature - go ahead, plant bulbs. This is a simple matter.
The eastern name of the hyacinth is "Curls of the Hurias". So they blossomed, delighted us with their curls, a wonderful aroma, now it's time to relax:
A faded plant is not suitable for re-distilling at home - it must be planted in open ground (in the fall, even on a flower bed at the entrance) so that it gains strength.
If you plan to grow it at home again in a year, then this year the hyacinth should not bloom in the soil (you will have to cut the peduncle).
A small baby can be grown to normal size in 3-4 years so that it is suitable for forcing at home.
Over the years, the "cubs" will go through the growing season without flowering, gradually gaining strength.
A sensible idea arises here: to get beautiful flowers, buy ready-made planting material, and let them grow it in nurseries.
The flower is occasionally affected by yellow bacterial rot, with which, alas, nothing can be done. The plant with the earth will have to be thrown out, and if the pot is planned to be used further, then it must be disinfected.
Pests can be:
To combat them, insecticides are used, however, this cannot be done during the flowering period.
Possible problems when caring for hyacinth at home:
Conclusion: hyacinth can be grown with patience and care. Grow smartly and enjoy lush blooms!
Hyacinth is now classified as a member of the Asparagus family, although earlier it was allocated to a separate family of Hyacinths or was ranked in Lileiny. This bulbous perennial is considered a native of Asia Minor, but Dutch breeders have worked so hard to breed its new varieties, to spread the flower and bulbs, that it can be considered a truly modern "Dutchman".
Hyacinth is a plant up to 30 cm high; a stem and oblong leaves grow from a dense bulb. Hyacinth flowers - small bells with twisted leaves - are collected in a dense cone-shaped inflorescence (reminiscent of an ear). The flowers are simple and double in appearance.
At the end of flowering, both the peduncle and the leaves dry up, in the corners of the leaves you need to look for small baby bulbs (you can further use it for breeding), and the main bulb develops on the stem inside the mother bulb.
It has proven itself perfectly at home, also in the open field (where it is one of the first to be shown from the ground in spring). This is not unfounded, it is said by more than four hundred years of experience in breeding hyacinths.
During this time, about 30 species were attributed to this species, including half a thousand different varieties of plants.
However, today there are three types of hyacinths:
It is on their basis that all the variety of shapes and colors of these plants is created.
Oriental hyacinth Hyacinthus orientalis - the same great-grandfather of most of today's varieties. Flowers with a delicate aroma are loosely placed on a thin peduncle. Can be any of the shades of white, yellow, pink or blue. In the wild, you can meet in Lebanon, Turkey or Syria.
Hyacinth Litvinov Hyacinthus litwinowii - has bluish leaves and light blue flowers with protruding stamens. Natural area - Iran, Turkmenistan.
Transcaspian hyacinth Hyacinthus transcaspicus - undersized flower (up to 20 cm), has up to two stems, leaves equally thickened along the entire length. There are no more than a dozen flowers in a loose inflorescence. Natural place - the mountains of Turkmenistan.
Another classification of hyacinths is their separation by color:
Hyacinth is propagated by children (daughter bulbs), which are carefully detached from the adult bulb. Natural division occurs slowly, in one year the mother's bulb can form a maximum of 4 babies. Therefore, in floriculture, an artificial method of reproduction of hyacinths is used at home. To quickly get a large number of children, they practice special techniques - cutting and notching the bottom.
Before starting artificial propagation, the bulbs are treated with a 1% solution of potassium permanganate and dried at an air temperature of + 20-23 degrees for 2-3 days.
Cutting the bottom... This technique is carried out after a period of rest. With a teaspoon in the bulbs, carefully cut out the bottom, then store them in boxes with a cut upwards at an air temperature of at least +21 degrees. After 2-3 months, small babies in the amount of 20-40 pieces begin to form on the sections.
After the appearance of the children, the bulb is planted in a cool greenhouse. Young bulbs begin to grow and discard the first leaves. After the growing season, they are taken out of the ground, separated and planted for growing. After 3-4 years, ripe bulbs throw out their first flower stalks.
Cutting the bottom. This method is similar to the previous one, with the difference that the base is not cut out, but 2–4 cuts are made in it, 0.5–0.6 cm deep. Processing and storage conditions are the same as in the first method. With this method, the number of children decreases (8–15 pcs.), But they will be larger and stronger. The growing period in this case is reduced to 2-3 years.
The process of growing hyacinths at home is quite simple, but very fruitful. To successfully complete it, you need to have a lot of desire and a little patience. And, of course, follow all the rules and recommendations that relate to planting and caring for hyacinths in indoor conditions.