Palisot


The palisot plant (Palisota) comes from the Camellin family. It is a herbaceous representative, common on the continents of the tropical western territories of Africa.

Palisot is a perennial rosette type. The leaves are large and oblong, densely located at the base of the stem. The flowers are characterized as actinomorphic. The flower petals are free, the ovary is 3-celled. The fruits are white, blue or red berries.

Caring for palisot at home

Location and lighting

The palisot tree, despite its preference for bright, diffused light, will grow and develop and look healthy in low light conditions.

Temperature

In spring and summer, palisot is quite unpretentious to the air temperature, but in winter it should not drop below 16 degrees. The optimum temperature in winter is 16-20 degrees.

Air humidity

The humidity of the air must be constantly increased, therefore, the leaves of the palisot tree need to be regularly sprayed with distilled water at room temperature.

Watering

In spring and summer, the earthen lump in the pot should be moist all the time, drying out is unacceptable. With the onset of autumn, and then winter, watering is reduced to moderate or rare - the substrate must dry completely.

The soil

The substrate should consist of a mixture of sand, slightly acidic turf and leafy soil in a ratio of 1: 3: 1. The acidity of the soil should not be higher than 7 pH.

Top dressing and fertilizers

Like any houseplant, palisot needs regular fertilization. They feed it from March to September, when the flower is actively developing. The frequency of fertilization is once every 2 weeks. A complex mineral fertilizer of a universal type is suitable for decorative deciduous plants.

Transfer

The root system of the palisot tree is very fragile; when transplanting the plant, the roots can be easily damaged. For this reason, the flower does not tolerate any manipulations. It will be enough to transplant into a larger pot once every three years. The container for the new habitat of the plant should be wide and spacious.

Reproduction of palisot

Propagating palisote is easy in one of two ways: by seed or by rooting cuttings. When propagating by cuttings, it is necessary to carefully cut off the mother's outlet, separate the young cuttings and root them.

Growing difficulties

When caring for a palisot, a florist may face the following number of difficulties:

  • Drying out of the soil and, as a result, weakening of the root system.
  • In the absence of the proper level of lighting, the decorative effect of the leaves is lost, they become monochromatic.
  • Possibility of damage by spider mites due to insufficient air humidity.
  • Dry leaf tips due to low air humidity.
  • Yellow leaves can be the result of sunburn. The plant does not need to be transferred to a less bright place, but it should be protected from direct sunlight.

Types of palisot with photos and names

Palisota barteri

It is a herbaceous rosette perennial plant. The length of the oblong leaves is about 40 cm, and the width is about 15 cm. The cuttings of the leaves are long, concentrated at the base. On the leaves and stems there is a dense layer of white, tightly pressed hairs, which makes the plant smooth and silky to the touch. The flowers are small, located in a white or light pink panicle. The fruit of this species is a bright red berry.

Palisota mannii

This herbaceous perennial has light green large leaves, oblong in shape, about 30 cm long and up to 10 cm wide. The inflorescence is multi-flowered, collected in a head. The fruit is also a red berry.

Bracts palisota (Palisota bracteosa)

Perennial herb of rosette type. The leaves are elongated, up to 40 cm long, up to 15 cm wide, densely covered with white hairs. The flowers are white, collected in dense inflorescences, sometimes there are several of them on one plant. Gray seeds no more than 4 mm in diameter.


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VATRUSHKA • Recipes • Tricks
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Recipes

Thin pies with potatoes on potato broth.

Mix flour 500g with one tablespoon of sugar, salt and a whole teaspoon of dry yeast on top. Add 200-250 warm potato broth, knead the dough. Add 2-3 tablespoons of vegetable oil on top and mix well. Cover and leave in a warm place for an hour. During this time, knead a couple of times.
Divide the dough into pieces. As a filling potatoes, dill greens. Form small pies, turn the seam down and roll to a thickness of 0.5 cm. Fry in hot oil and put on a napkin. The pies are wonderful, with a thin crust.

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The world of indoor plants and flowers

We transfer our diseases to plants

You can heal a person in a very simple way, which is available to almost everyone. It is based on time-tested practice that a disease can be transferred from a patient to any other organism, in particular to a plant.
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The procedure is simple: you need to take from a sick person a small amount of his sputum (pus, urine, saliva, sweat), mix with earth and place in a small flower pot. Then you should plant two or three seeds, a bulb or a tuber of a plant in it, the planetary sign of which coincides with the sign of the disease (see below), and wait until sprouts a few centimeters high appear. Then gently, along with the root, pull out the sprout and burn it if the disease is associated with the release of blood, pus, sweat or phlegm. In all other cases, the sprout is thrown into the river (starts up for water). After that, the disease goes away.

Important: it is not recommended to plant plants in the form of cuttings, tendrils or roots (with the exception of horseradish), as the plant may die, and this is very dangerous for the patient. If the seed simply does not germinate, there is no such danger.

To get rid of a disease with a potted plant, you need to know the planets controlling the disease and find the appropriate plant.

Diseases

Moons: rheumatism, gout, dropsy, allergic cramps, festering wounds, menstrual irregularities, worms, lice, fleas, scabies, lichen, epilepsy, sleepwalking, depression, melancholy, drunkenness.

Mars: ear, pulmonary, hepatic, colds, hemorrhoids, sciatica, migraines, non-healing wounds, internal bleeding, jaundice, dysentery, diarrhea, constipation, gangrene.

Mercury: brain diseases, fainting, dizziness, stuttering, unreasonable fears, delirium, dental ulcers, boils, acne, boils, fistulas.

Jupiter: cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, pancreas, spleen, hypo- and hypertension, tonsillitis, ocular, musculoskeletal, poisoning.

Venus: genitourinary, renal, venereal, sexual, sexual perversion.

Saturn: systemic (for example, endocrine, lymphatic systems, etc.), oncological, childlessness, lupus, psoriasis, sclerosis, senile dementia, fractures, eczema, diseases that cannot be diagnosed.

Suns: burns, frostbite, severe infections, influenza, erysipelas, severe damage to the heart and eyes, paralysis (consequences of injuries and strokes), heat and cold neurodermatitis, nervousness, fainting (heat strokes), endocrine, abnormal metabolism (including obesity ).

Plants

Moons: anemone, aster, veronica, dope, iris, camellia, cabbage, coltsfoot, carrot, cucumber, sedum, purslane, lettuce, fuchsia.

Mars: artichoke, basil, cilantro, nettle, leek, pepper, plantain, wormwood, radish, radish, rue, beetroot, horseradish, garlic, thistle.

Mercury: anise, valerian, bindweed, dahlia, sweet peas, clover, levkoy, daisy, forget-me-not, parsnip, tomato, mignonette, phlox, chicory.

Jupiter: rutabaga, cornflower, jasmine, watercress, sesame, lemon, mint, dandelion, peony, wheat, rose, rosemary, violet.

Venus: marshmallow, badan, begonia, cloves, geraniums, gladiolus, common peas, quinoa, squash, wheatgrass, tulip, yarrow, beans, black root.

Saturn: aconite, pansies, wild rosemary, henbane, belladonna, delphinium, potatoes, shepherd's purse, parsley, rhubarb, celery, dill.

Suns: adonis, marsh calamus, aloe, verbena, heliotrope, hyacinth, gentian, St. John's wort, ginger, corn, buttercup, marigold, sunflower, rye, field chamomile, garden chamomile, thyme, sage.

It so happens that a disease cannot be unambiguously attributed to a particular planet. For example, viral hepatitis is, on the one hand, a liver disease (Mars), and on the other, an infectious disease (the Sun). In such cases, you must use both plants, but plant them in different pots and always on the same day.

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Away from the window - shade-tolerant plants

Everyone in the apartment has a corner that they want to decorate with plants, but, unfortunately, it is far from the window and there is not enough light. Of course, perhaps not a single plant can do without the sun, but there are plants that could be grown far from the window in low light.

What kind of plants could it be? Let's figure it out.
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The most shade-tolerant among indoor plants are plants of two families:

Arrowroot - shade-tolerant plants, they prefer diffused light or light partial shade. Some direct sunlight is only acceptable in the early morning or late afternoon. If the light is too intense, the plant can get burned or simply lose the color of the leaves. Arrowroot is one of the few plants that can be grown entirely under artificial light.

Aroid - in spring and summer you need shading from the midday sun, and in winter the lighting should be very good, so direct rays are only useful.
Of course, it is worth understanding that you cannot grow flowering plants in a shady corner, therefore, for the most part, the plants that are suitable for us are decorative deciduous ones. In addition, not all plants among them will be able to feel favorable in such a place. I would like to warn you that the well-being of your pets depends on many factors, such as: the distance from the window (natural light), the location of the windows, what kind of care they are provided with, whether there is additional lighting.

It seems advisable to arrange the names of plants in descending order of shade tolerance. The list of plants that I offer you is based on personal observations and observations of other flower growers.

Plants that tolerate strong shading and do not require additional lighting.

Aspidistra - tolerates heavy shading.
Aucuba - genus Aucuba (Aucuba Thunb) has 3 types of shrubs from the Cornaceae family. According to the latest data, the genus belongs to the Garryaceae family, also occurs as the Aucubaceae family. Aucuba is an inhabitant of subtropical forests so shade-tolerant that in the deep shadow of forests, in the undergrowth, except for aucuba, sometimes nothing grows.
Palisot is a rare plant. Belongs to the commeline family. Delivers significant shading.
Pellionia, a rare houseplant from the Urticaceae family, is a shade-tolerant plant, but it is best placed in partial shade.

Plants that tolerate shade and require additional lighting.

Aglaonema is a relative of dieffenbachia and therefore is somewhat similar to it, differs only in narrower leaves, the size of the aglaonema is much smaller than dieffenbachia, and the plant itself has the shape of a bush. Requires additional lighting in winter
Alocasia is a beautiful houseplant, with large arrow-oval (or heart-shaped) leaves, of which there are no more than 6-7. In winter, it requires additional lighting.
Anthurium - grown as a flowering and decorative deciduous plant, as well as for cutting. With a lack of light, the leaves are small, the flowers lose their color.
Asplenium - in culture it is represented by several species, outwardly very different from each other. Cultivated in humid and warm greenhouses and rooms.
Deciduous begonias - begonias do not like direct sunlight, preferring partial shade. If the begonia stands directly on the window, it receives enough light for development, however, it can burn in direct sunlight, so it should be shaded from the direct sun. Some begonias do well in low light conditions, such as in northern windows. When determining a place for begonias in a room, one should take into account the individual need for illumination of a particular species or variety. Decorative leaf begonias are neutral day plants. They grow and bloom well with both short and long daylight hours. The most shade-tolerant varieties: B. x Bow-arriola, B. hogweed, B. grape-leaved, B. diadem, B. yellow, diff. Colored-leaved, B. red-leaved, B. variegated, or multi-colored, B. Richardson, B. Fista, B. fuchsia, B. Schmidt, B. silver-spotted - requires year-round shading.
Dieffenbachia - requires additional lighting in winter
Dracaena - intense light is needed for good growth and development. Variegated forms require more lighting than forms with green leaves. If there is enough light in the summer, then in winter the dracaena should be rearranged closer to the window, since in winter there is usually not enough light. Dracaena grows well under artificial lighting.
Ktenanta - partial shade, in bright light and in a too dark place, the color of the leaves is lost. Direct sunlight should be avoided. In winter, plants should not be placed close to window panes.
Mühlenbeckia is a light-loving plant, but the hot midday sun can kill it.
Nephrolepis - can grow in fairly dark places, but the bush will be liquid and ugly.
Oplismenus (Ostyanka) - oplismenus is a rather shade-tolerant plant, but it is better to keep it in diffused light
Ophiopogon (Snakebeard) - unpretentious to the light regime, feels great both in intense sunlight and in a more shaded place.
Ivy - ivy does not tolerate direct sunlight, but (especially variegated forms) prefers a well-lit place, and does not like changing location in relation to the light source. Ivy of green varieties can be classified as shade-tolerant, but it is still desirable to give it a bright place. In winter, a lighter location is needed
Fittonia - partial shade, in bright light and in a too dark place, the color of the leaves fades. Protect from direct sunlight. In winter, plants should not be placed close to window panes.

Plants that tolerate light shade and require backlighting.

Brunfelsia - Brunfelsia prefer diffused shade, at the same time, it is noted that in the open field culture in humid climates, some species (B. pauciflora) develop well in the sun and in partial shade.
Calathea - although calatheas are not as whimsical as arrowroots in relation to air humidity, they also prefer high humidity. Also, plants do not tolerate temperature changes well. The ideal placement for kalata is a closed flower window.
Cordilina is a bright place, partial shade, does not tolerate direct sunlight.Many consider cordilina, like dracaena, to be a shade-loving plant, but in fact, in a dark place, it will stagnate and shrink. Intense light is needed for good growth and development. Variegated forms require more lighting than forms with green leaves. If there is enough light in the summer, then in the winter the cordilines must be rearranged closer to the window, since in winter there is usually not enough light.
Ligustrum (Privet) - ligustrum will adapt to any conditions of detention. Ligustrum loves the sun, but grows well in partial shade.
Arrowroot - leaves have the ability to change their direction: under favorable conditions, leaf blades are located almost horizontally, and with a lack of lighting or under other unfavorable conditions, they rise up and fold together.
Monstera - cannot stand direct sunlight. Many people believe that the monstera is shade-loving and put it in the darkest corner - this is not right. In fact, the monstera is shade-tolerant, and the best place for her is where there is bright, but diffused light or light partial shade.
Large-leaved legcarp - withstands shade, although, like any normal plant, it prefers good lighting.
Peperomia - species of peperomia with dark green leaves grow in light partial shade, variegated species are more photophilous. In winter, good lighting is required, otherwise the leaves begin to shrink and lose color, so by winter, rearrange the peperomia closer to the window.
Pittosporum (Smolosemyannik) - can tolerate shade, but in this case it blooms worse.
Syngonium - species of syngonium with dark green leaves tolerate light partial shade, variegated varieties are more photophilous.
Yew capitate Forchuna is an evergreen columnar shrub, strictly vertical, slightly branched, with very densely arranged branches, with age more funnel-shaped or round-barrel-shaped, resembles a dark green, columnar yew with coarse scales, growing slowly.
Fatsia - tolerates partial shade, requires good lighting in winter.
Philodendron - representatives of the genus - these are climbing vines, creeping, with woody or semi-herbaceous branches and shoots, as well as with long aerial roots.
Hamedorea, bamboo palm - prefers bright diffused light, tolerates some shade. It can tolerate a small amount of direct sunlight; in summer, the palm tree is shaded from them.
Cissus - Antarctic and multicolored cissus do not tolerate direct sun and can grow in a shaded place, but a place near the east or west window is especially suitable for them.
Eucharis - during the flowering period - a wonderful specimen plant that can decorate the shelves in the office, bookshelves in the study, bedside tables, coffee table and even a bathroom (of course, with a window). During dormant periods, its luscious, dark green leaves make the perfect backdrop for a potted plant arrangement. In the winter garden, eucharis is best placed under the canopy of large plants.
Ficuses are stable in indoor conditions, suitable for residential and office buildings, winter gardens. Ficuses are very beautiful in the interior. Climbing and creeping are effective in hanging ceramic vases. They grow quickly, relatively not demanding on light.


Flowers can grow anywhere.

Many believe that indoor plants can only grow on the sills of the south or east windows. In the rooms facing north, and even more so in the guba of the room, plants will not be able to survive. We will have to disappoint these people. With the right selection of indoor plants, they can grow in any room, unless it is a dark and cold basement.

Window glass traps about half of the sunlight, so the window sill is illuminated with an intensity of 50,000 lux. At a distance of 2-3 meters from the window, only 10% of the sunlight remains, which is 10,000 lux. Since most of our rooms are 3-4 meters long, this lighting is sufficient for landscaping the entire room. If you have curtains on your windows, the intensity of the light in the back of the room depends on the density of your curtains. To grow light-loving plants, an illumination of more than 20,000 lux is required, for shade-tolerant plants, 1000-500 lux are enough. Many plants grow well under 5,000-10,000 lux illumination because they are native to the rainforest where they grow under the canopy of trees.

To which ecological group (light-loving, shade-tolerant, indifferent, loves diffused light) your plant belongs, you can find out in the literature. We give only a short list of plants of different ecological groups.

Photophilous: hybrid abutilone, agapanthus, azalea, American agave, aloe, balsam, hogweed begonias, ever-flowering and tuberous, wilted bilbergia, oval-leaved privet, Degremont's bryophyllum, valota, grapefruit, griselinia, coastal gibbets, hemusabeanthia , Codenium variegated, Coleus, Cordilina, Crinum, Lemon, Macleania, Metrosideros, Oleander, Okhna, Stonecrop, Pandanus, Passiflora, Pelargonium, Poitsenia, Meshcresia, Syzygium, Resin-seed thick-leaved, succulents, euphoria, chiacus ... These plants thrive on southern and eastern window sills.

Scattered light plants: begonias, bilbergia, weltheimia, gesneria, oxalis, clivia, arrowroot, peperomia, ferns, saintpaulia, sensevieres, tradescantia, philodendrons, cissus. In this group, plants that cannot withstand bright sunlight and can only grow in diffused lighting conditions.

Shade-tolerant: abelia chinese, fragrant alocasia, aphelandra, aspidistra, aucuba, begonias, bomeria, brunfelsia, hibiscus, dieffenbachia spotted, dracaena, truncated zygocactus, butcher, saxifrage scion, cordilina, cinnamon manostoidea, molochiaera, mossiera , ferns, peperomia, pilea, ivy, single ruella, ruscus, dense-flowered and bristle asparagus, variegated scindapsus, zebrin and flumines tradescantia, Japanese facies, Benjamin ficus, elastic and arrow-shaped, philodendron climbing, conifers, erysipelas, cissus epithelium. Plants of this group grow well in the depths of rooms and do not require additional lighting even in winter. Many of them lose their decorative qualities near windows.

Indifferent to light conditions: hydrangea, hibiscus, dracaena dragon, truncated zygocactus, butcher, cypress, dull red clivia, cinnamon camphor, metrosideros of Kermadec, monstera adorable, ivy, three-striped sanseviera, strelitzia regal, fichendus motley, trachium tuberculosis, phylum phylum trachicarpus , chlorophytum crested, hoya, hybrid epiphyllum, eucharis large-flowered. These plants grow both in illuminated places and in shade, and therefore are valuable for landscaping.

We would like to remind you once again that the plant groups presented here are not complete. The relation to the light regime is clearly expressed in adult plants. Young plants and rooted cuttings need a different light regime.


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