Every gardener who grows tomatoes on his plot knows that caring for this crop includes many procedures, and tying is one of them. To do this work properly and not harm the plant, you need to familiarize yourself with the basic rules and methods of its implementation.
There are several reasons that make tying tomatoes a healthy and useful procedure. Firstly, in this way you will greatly facilitate your care for the bushes, since it will become much easier to pinch, weed and water them. Secondly, you will give the bushes stability and protect them from damage, because under the weight of the fruits or from gusts of wind, they can break. And thirdly, you will protect the fruits from rot and pests (for example, slugs), since they will not lie on the ground, which means it will be difficult to get to them. In addition, the tied up bushes are better ventilated, which is an important preventive measure against phytophores.
You need to start tying the tomatoes when their stalks are inclined to the ground.
For tying tomatoes, try to stock up on a soft cotton cloth cut into strips 25–35 cm long and 2–3 cm wide. Also, many gardeners successfully use gauze (bandages) or nylon. If you have old tights, feel free to cut them and use them - thanks to their elasticity and softness, such tapes will be able to securely fix the plant and not harm it, and their length can be halved. Another modern version of the garter is plastic clips.
The stores offer many special devices for tying plants. Gardeners especially praise the tapener - a garden stapler, with which you can quickly process a large number of tomato bushes without using additional garters.
To tie up tomatoes, you need to choose the right fixing material
Try not to use materials such as fishing line, twine, coarse thread, and wire. They are quite thin and tough and therefore can injure plants, since as the stem expands, they will cut into it and such a garter will need to be constantly changed or loosened.
To avoid carrying infections, the garter must be changed every season. If you do not have this opportunity, then wash it well with laundry soap or keep it in boiling water for 5-10 minutes.
In practice, you can find several options for tying tomato bushes, each of which has its own characteristics.
The easiest and most popular way to strengthen tomatoes, which does not require much effort. All that is needed is to set a peg next to the hole at a distance of 2–5 cm from the tomato, digging it to a depth of 25–30 cm. But keep in mind that its height should be slightly more than the maximum height of the bush. It is best to use pegs with a rough surface (for example, wooden), since the garter can slip off smooth ones.
Some gardeners prefer to set the pegs before planting the tomatoes, so as not to damage the roots later.
The use of pegs works well for tying up medium sized bushes.
For the first time, you need to tie the bush closer to the top of the head with a free loop, without pulling the stem of the plant. He make a "figure eight" from the garter tape - this way you can easily injure a tomato. When using pegs, you will have to tie up the bushes several times per season as they grow. The optimal distance between the garters is 20-30 cm, while between the two shoots it is enough to place one fixing tape.
You need to tie up tomatoes without twisting the fixing material
If you have enough space in the garden, then you can install a trellis and attach the bushes to it. Usually gardeners use a general and individual tying method. The tapestries can be installed in advance.
For the first option, you need to install pillars at the ends of the bed and pull several strong ropes between them at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other (strong slats are also suitable) and weave the stems between them.
It is convenient to attach not only the stems to the "common" trellis, but also the side shoots of the bushes
Instead of ropes, you can use a net or lattice with large cells and weave the stem and side shoots of the bush into them as it grows.
For individual tying, you will also need to build a trellis with one top bar located at a height slightly higher than the maximum height of the bush. Attach one end of a sturdy piece of string to it and the other to the stem of the bush at the bottom. Subsequently, the bush can be wrapped around such a string or tied to it as it grows.
When using a trellis with individual supports, the tomato bush must be fixed around the twine
Such structures have a more complex structure and are quite voluminous and inconvenient to store, but the gardeners who use them appreciate them for their reliability and the possibility of repeated use.
To make a cylinder, you need to twist several circles from strong wire (their number depends on the height of the bushes) and then weld to strong metal rods. Further, such a structure is "put on" on top of the bush (as a rule, on one), and they are fixed in it by weaving or tied in the usual way.
Metal cylinders are reliable support, but they are time consuming to manufacture
Some gardeners use wigwams. To make them, fasten long poles (4-8 pieces) at the top of the head and nail a few planks at the bottom to secure. The "wigwam" is installed in the same way as the cylinder, but you can first place it on the garden bed, and plant tomatoes around it. Bushes twine around the side poles. If you want to use such supports, then it is advisable to place them at a distance of 1–1.5 m from each other.
"Wigwam" can be installed on the garden bed even before planting tomatoes on it
To disinfect the support, at the end of the season it can be rinsed with potassium permanganate and left to winter in an unheated room.
As you can see, it is not difficult to tie up tomatoes, and even a novice gardener can cope with this matter. Choose a support responsibly and prepare a suitable garter material, and you will certainly provide your bushes with the necessary conditions for proper development.
One of the most important agrotechnical procedures that gardeners neglect is the garter of tomatoes. But it directly affects the abundance and quality of the crop. Plant health also depends on it.
In today's article, we will tell you about the reasons for tying tomatoes and the different ways to carry out this procedure.
There are several ways to tie tomatoes, differing in the materials and devices used. The event in any way is carried out according to the same rules.
Rules for garter tomato bushes:
Wide and thick rope,
Other synthetic material with a low stiffness index,
Important! Before the garter, the material is boiled or processed for disinfection.
Tying clips are plastic clips that resemble clothespins. They are used to attach the stem to a vertical or horizontal support. The advantage of clips is the presence of sections that prevent the clips from sliding on the support.
Clothespins for tomatoes are clips that have a ring or spring mechanism. With their help, the bushes can be attached to the walls of the greenhouse, horizontal slats, ropes stretched from the ceiling, or to neighboring resistant plants.
When choosing the best method, evaluate the general indicators: size of fruits, growth rate. This will help you make your choice. Creative ideas and personal experience will help in solving the existing problem.
A frame is made of wire in the shape of a cone, and the plant is covered with it. You can "wrap" a tomato bush with wire, making circles, connecting them together so that the tomatoes can hang from the mount. The frame is installed 1 time, with a cone upward, so that the plant can strive for the sun, and the structure does not interfere with its growth.
The simple and unusual design is suitable for beginners. Tying is done with a few wooden pegs and ropes. Let's consider the design in more detail:
This is an original method suitable for those who grow tall varieties of tomatoes in the open field. You can build a device in the following way:
An uncomplicated design will hold the tomatoes without stakes. The mesh is buried in the ground for 10-15 centimeters. As they grow and develop, the bushes will use the mesh as a support. You can attach it to one side or surround the plant with a net.
In the second case, it is more expedient to surround several bushes with a structure. So, together they plant 2-4 tomato bushes, surround them with a net, as they grow and develop, the structure will serve as a support for them.
Attention! It is desirable that the net be large, not small, otherwise there will be no sense from such "support".
The simplest and relatively good method. Drive wood or metal stakes into the ground and attach the tomatoes to them using nylon threads. You can tie up tomatoes with other material. Only not with fishing line and wire. As the plants grow, the garter should be lifted, provided that the peg is of the appropriate length.
Indeterminate tomato varieties require special attention; they produce many lateral shoots that grow in the axils of each leaf. A flower brush is laid through three leaves, but where there is a stepson, the brush does not form, which leads to a decrease in the amount of ovary. It is advisable to carry out the first pinching of tall tomatoes before the appearance of the first flower brush.
There is a lot of light in the open field and if you rarely plant the bushes, you can safely leave two or three lower shoots to increase the yield. Remove the rest as it grows. If you plan to form a bush in one stem, then remove all side shoots, if in two stems, then leave the stepson located under the first flower brush.
In turn, on the left side shoots, also remove stepchildren and extra flower brushes, there should be 2-4 of them on each stem. To limit the growth of the bush, pinch the tops, this will allow you to get large fruits. A different approach to undersized tomatoes.
In recent years, more and more often you can find in vegetable gardens, in summer cottages - trellises, devices that facilitate the process of caring for cucumbers in an open space. This design for garter cucumbers is easy to use, it provides favorable conditions for the growth of cucumber bushes. The use of trellises improves the quality of the harvest, the fruits are clearly visible on them, they are harvested on time, without overgrowing.
The use of trellises allows the rational use of the area of the site, creating comfortable conditions (the necessary illumination, the possibility of ventilation) for the plants themselves. Cucumber bushes, tied to trellises, more easily avoid infection with various diseases, they have a longer fruiting period. These structures can be made in the form of a wall, a pyramid, have an arched shape, be located horizontally or vertically, the basic conditions are that they must be strong, stable and comfortable for you and the plants.
In order to perform a high-quality garter of cucumbers without damaging the bushes, think about the materials used in advance. Each business has its own secrets, so in order to complete the garter procedure, you should familiarize yourself with which rope to tie the cucumbers. The use of a twine made of synthetic material (nylon, nylon) is undesirable, its smooth surface will allow the cucumber vine, weighted by leaves and fruits, to slide down.
Experienced gardeners advise using for this purpose garters made of wide strips of fabric, using which you can securely, but gently, attach the plants to the support, avoiding injury to the stems. For the manufacture of garters, the remains of old cotton fabrics are used, the only drawback of which is their fragility.
The use of various devices simplifies and makes more convenient the activities for the garter of the cucumber bush. The use of hooks serves to control the length of the ropes, which can be lowered or pulled tighter if necessary. Special U-shaped pins for garter cucumbers make it much easier to fasten ropes in greenhouses, while they securely hold the trellis.
A device for tying cucumbers in a garden bed, the so-called frame, can be made independently from a mesh, plastic, metal or wooden slats, slats, arcs. The main requirement is its strength, it must withstand the load formed by both heavy shoots and fruits.After reading the tips on how to more rationally tie cucumbers in the open field, it will be easier for you to choose the method that is more suitable for your plants, ease of maintenance and site planning, as well as decide on the frame design.