Beetroot is a very unpretentious plant that prefers loose soil with a neutral reaction. When grown outdoors, the plant needs additional feeding. But the use of fertilizers will significantly increase the taste of the root crop and the crop itself. The use of a complex of fertilizers has its own characteristics. This is what we will talk about in more detail below.
Beetroot (another name for a vegetable is beet) - although an unpretentious plant, unlike other root crops, it must be supplied with the required amount of mineral components. But if the day before the soil was well fertilized and prepared for planting cultivated plants, you can safely do without top dressing. By the same analogy, there is the use of green manure, in other words, plants, which after mowing them fully enrich the soil with minerals.
This situation is the exception rather than the rule, and the land plot needs more mineral elements.
They may be missing several or just one. In any case, it is necessary to use various fertilizer complexes that differ in their composition.
These funds are subdivided into specialized complexes and folk methods. In the first case, fertilization is easy and convenient. Whereas in the second case, you will need to make an effort to make the composition yourself. But the result will be worth it because the complex will turn out to be environmentally friendly and safe for humans and the environment. Better yet, it's practically free when compared to the original purchase.
There are many different feedings that you can use to feed your beets. They can be added directly to the soil, watered at the root, or directly onto the leaves. It all depends on the fertilizer itself and the features of its use. They can be organic, mineral, or created with your own hand from improvised means.
It is best to grow nitrate-free beets using organic blends only. Large amounts of nitrogen are found in manure and chicken droppings. The real storehouse of potassium is wood ash, and sodium is rock salt.
Farmers have always preferred chicken droppings when fertilizing crops. This is because it contains a huge amount of useful trace elements and substances. Plus, these components have a tendency to be released within a few days.
It is strictly forbidden to feed both canteen and fodder beets with fresh droppings. After all, it is rich in highly concentrated uric acid. And this will obviously bring damage to the root system.
It is best to spice up the soil with chicken droppings in the fall. In this case, it is worth covering the soil so that nitrogen evaporation does not occur. Whereas in the summer you can use liquid fertilizer. To do this, it is necessary to dilute the litter with water in a ratio of 1.5: 10. But you cannot use the solution right away. It should be infused for 10 days.
In this case, the resulting solution must be properly drained. Do not allow the mixture to get on the green leaves of the plants, as they will get burned. It is worth pouring the solution exclusively into the ground, not under the root. And in the end, it is better to pour plain water on top of the beets. This will lead to a decrease in concentration.
How the plant is fertilized with wood ash (potassium): to make up for the lack of potassium, you can use ordinary wood ash at the rate of one glass of the mixture for one and a half square meters of land.
Thanks to the use of a solution based on rock salt, you can significantly improve the taste of the root crop and protect the plant from many diseases and parasites. So, for one square meter of land, it is necessary to make a solution from one tablespoon of rock salt and ten liters of water.
It is recommended to use this method of feeding seedlings three times during the entire period of plant development. The first time when the first two leaves appear; the second time - when the plant grows 30 mm and the third time - two weeks after the previous fertilization.
If it so happened that there was not enough organic fertilizers for feeding beets, it is worth using mineral fertilizers. In this case, it is worth using the following sequence for applying a complex of fertilizers:
To do this, it is best to enrich each square meter of soil with double superphosphate in the amount of 30 g.
At the same time, remember that organic and mineral fertilizers are never applied for root crops, they fill the earth.
There are a lot of folk methods that make it possible to feed beets from improvised means. They are different and have their own characteristics, and which option to give preference to, it all depends solely on your capabilities and preferences.
This kind of infusion is especially popular among gardeners. In this case, it is worth picking up young weeds, with the exception of those that have small inflorescences, and place them in a container. Such manipulations should be continued throughout the week. Then everything is poured abundantly with water, closed with a lid and infused in the shade for a week. Then the mixture is filtered from weed residues and the soil is watered with fertilizer. This feedwater should be used twice a month.
But it should be well understood that it is important to feed the vegetable on time with a certain type of fertilizer... Beet nutrition should be alternated, distributing in advance and assessing the condition of the soil. Many people are mistaken in thinking that a high concentration of fertilizer is good. Everything is exactly the opposite. It is important to find the "golden mean" here.
Nettle is a source of a huge amount of useful components, for example, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium and calcium, which are so necessary for normal growth of beets. Moreover, nettles can repel pests. But in this case, you should adhere to the following recommendations:
If fertilizers are used correctly, it does not matter whether they are purchased or natural, hand-made, in any case, this is only a plus for the plant. Indeed, in this way it receives a complex of essential nutrients and components, which, for various reasons, may not be enough in the soil. But this is only under the condition of the competent use of dressings.
If you exceed the permissible concentration of one or another component or fertilize it incorrectly, for example, pour it under the root or water the leaves, some fertilizers can damage and even kill the plant.
It takes a lot of effort to get a good harvest, and beets are no exception. Although it is unpretentious, fertilizers cannot interfere if they are used correctly and on time. In our article, we described everything in detail, therefore, following all the recommendations, you will definitely be rewarded with tasty and large root vegetables.
Getting a large harvest of sweet beets outdoors is a whole science. Along with many other agricultural techniques, top dressing and timely fertilization play an important role. It can be salt, boric acid, etc.
Beetroot is a crop with a rather long growing season, during which it must be completely satisfied with a sufficient amount of nutrients. Rarely are soils on which fertilizers are to be applied, especially for crops with a large removal, to which beets do not belong. This can only be the case if the soil before planting the crop for several years "rested". But for summer cottages, this is not at all relevant. Therefore, we will figure out in more detail how you need to fertilize beets. Don't forget how to thin out the beets.
First of all, you need to know that they are applied fractionally: as the main fertilizer in the fall, as a pre-sowing fertilizer during sowing or before it, and, of course, root and foliar feeding of a growing plant. In this case, be sure to take into account the types of soil.
In the absence of organic fertilizers, the culture is fed with mineral fertilizers. The processing scheme differs little from the introduction of organic matter.
When digging a site in May, the following is added to the soil:
If the soil contains few useful minerals, it is allowed to increase the dosage of fertilizers by 1.5 times.
After the first 3 leaves appear on the sprouts, they are fertilized with sodium nitrate.
A month later, in June, a saline solution is added. It is better to dilute the substance in green manure.
In July, ammonium nitrate (10 g) and potassium sulfate (7 g) are scattered into the grooves between the rows. After that, the soil is watered abundantly.
In the last month of summer, they are re-fed with saline. It is also allowed to treat the beds with a solution of wood ash.
At the end of September, after harvesting, the soil is fertilized with phosphorus. Before digging, add double superphosphate (30 g) per 1 sq. m.
Any beet, be it table, fodder or sugar, needs competent feeding. Specially designed complexes will help prevent errors in determining the number of components.
This preparation contains all the elements necessary for growing a culture: 13% nitrogen, 16% phosphorus, 18% potassium and trace elements. In addition to plant nutrition, the composition provides protection against scab and other diseases, as well as sunburn of the tops.
Granular dressing "Bordeaux" can be applied in spring as fertilizer for beets during planting, as well as as the first dressing.
The composition has the following advantages:
A 800 g package of Bordeaux costs 60 rubles.
You can fertilize carrots and beets with folk remedies. This option is especially suitable for those summer residents who seek to grow an environmentally friendly crop on their site.
Folk "wisdom" does not require special financial investments or time expenditures. In your garden, you can use the following environmentally friendly fertilizers:
It is not difficult to grow a rich harvest of vegetables on your personal plot. Proper care and timely feeding will allow you to get a good harvest at the end of the season. Each summer resident decides independently which fertilizers are better to use - organic or mineral. Experienced growers believe that their harmonious combination will give good results.
Depending on the composition, it is applied as follows: Poultry droppings or pig manure are permissible, provided that they rot for at least a year. They are used either as part of compost, or on the eve of planting beets, adding about 10 kg per 10 sq. m of the future garden. Poultry droppings - in the form of an infusion (approximately 1 kg per 10 liters of water) with watering per 1 sq. m or in the form of a solution for foliar application. Mullein or horse manure - 1 kg per 1 sq. m. Rotting is not required, manure is used as a root organic fertilizer.
In July, the period of the second feeding of the beds with beets begins. At this time, the tops close on the beds, this happens around July. During this period of growth, plants need potassium and phosphorus. As a better recipe than feeding beets, you can use wood ash tincture. Dilute 1 glass of wood ash per 10 liters of water and water the plants with ash infusion at the root.
Another option is to sprinkle ash around the plants (about 1 cup per 1.5 square meters) and bury it in the soil.